GIANT BELLFLOWER

Campanula latifolia

Bellflower Family [Campanulaceae]

month8jul month8july month8aug month8sep month8sept

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8azure flower8lilac
inner
inner8white
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZ5
type
typeZtrumpet
stem
stem8angular
stem
stem8milkysap stem8milkylatex

30th June 2008, River Lune, Lancaster. Photo: © RWD
Grows handsomely up to 4 feet tall in a single un-branched stem. The lower flowers open first (it's the other way around with the similar Nettle-Leaved Bellflower.


30th June 2008, River Lune, Lancaster. Photo: © RWD
Un-like the mid-blue of Nettle-Leaved Bellflower the flowers are a lilac to azure pale blue. Inner part almost white.


30th June 2008, River Lune, Lancaster. Photo: © RWD
A bell-shaped flower with five petals cut to about half-way.


30th June 2008, River Lune, Lancaster. Photo: © RWD
Star-shaped from the front. The petals are hairy with three to five veins.


30th June 2008, River Lune, Lancaster. Photo: © RWD
The prominent stigma splits into three only near the end, like most Bellflowers except Clustered Bellflower.


30th June 2008, River Lune, Lancaster. Photo: © RWD
A much longer bell than Peach-Leaved Bellflower. Five calyx teeth at rear in star-formation. Main stem softly hairy and bluntly angled.


30th June 2008, River Lune, Lancaster. Photo: © RWD
Hairy throat. The anthers may be the filaments deep inside?


30th June 2008, River Lune, Lancaster. Photo: © RWD
Un-opened buds are at the top of the plant.


30th June 2008, River Lune, Lancaster. Photo: © RWD
The calyx teeth are in a star shape and taper to a point. Un-opened bud large, but typically bellflower shaped.


29th July 2008, Newton, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Leaves irregularly toothed, broadly lanceolate to narrowly triangular, the largest near the ground. Unlike Nettle-Leaved Bellflower, the leaves are not cordate (heart shaped) at the base but rather cuneate (taper) onto the stem without stalks. Moreover, the stem is not sharply angled (as is Nettle-Leaved Bellflower), but only bluntly ridged.


29th July 2008, Newton, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
The lower leaves on Giant Bellflower have winged stalks and are not cordate [unlike those of Nettle-Leaved Bellflower].


Easily mis-identified as : Nettle-Leaved Bellflower but there the buds open from the top downwards rather than the other way around with Giant bellflower. Also, the flowers of Nettle-Leaved Bellflower are mid-blue whereas those of Giant Bellflower are usually a paler blue. Leaves similar, but more Stinging Nettle shaped on Nettle-Leaved Bellflower, having more prominent teeth. The lower leaves of Nettle-Leaved Bellflower do not possess winged stalks (but instead have normal stalks) and are not cuneate (but rather cordate (heart-shaped).

Grows in woods and hedge banks (and probably in folks gardens). It is native, but is also widely naturalised from gardens. Seems to be far more prevalent that the similar Nettle-Leaved Bellflower.

Like many Bellflowers it is said to ooze a sticky white liquid from broken stems, but it is not toxic, and may even be edible. One source says this milky sap contains the diabetic 'sugar' Inulin which certainly is edible. Many other sources claim that most bellflowers have a sticky milky sap, but none say which Bellflowers do not!


  Campanula latifolia  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Campanulaceae  

Distribution
 family8Bellflower family8Campanulaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Campanula
Campanula
(Bellflowers)

GIANT BELLFLOWER

Campanula latifolia

Bellflower Family [Campanulaceae]

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