Uniquely identifiable characteristics
Distinguishing Feature :
No relation to :
Love-lies-Bleeding (Amaranthus caudatus) [a plant belonging to the differing Pigweed Family, Amaranthaceae nor with
Blood-drop Emlets (Mimulus luteus), a Monkeyflower nor with Bloody Cranesbill (Geranium sanguineum), a member of the Geranium Family.
The Genus Dicentra used to belong to the Fumariaceae (Fumitory) Family but has since been re-assigned to the Papaveraceae (Poppy Family). Also, the common name Bleeding Heart now refers to two very similar plants, one in the Dicentra genus (which contains two plants and a hybrid) and the other in the Lamprocapnos genus (which contains only one plant).
There is more than one Cultivar assigned the designation Bleeding Heart. The one shown here is Dicentra spectabilis (with both basal leaves and leaves on stems), the other being Dicentra formosa which is of similar shape, but with only basal leaves, lacking leaves on stems. There are also various other cultivars including a totally white version of Dicentra spectabilis (variation alba).
In the U.K. it is more likely to be found growing in a garden than growing wild beside a stream.
Contact with the plant by the skin can cause an allergic skin reaction with sensitive individuals.
[Morphine for comparison only, Bleeding Heart contains none].
Bleeding Heart is poisonous, containing the isoquinoline alkaloids Protopine, Sanguinarine, Chelerythrine as well as apomorphine and
ProtoBerberine alkaloids. Ingestion of the plant is dangerous; with sedative, spasmolytic and narcotic properties, which can lead to dizziness, gastro-intestinal, kidney disturbances and heart arrhythmia.
Apomorphine has many chemical differences from Morphine, but is so named because it is the product of boiling morphine in concentrated acid, hardly a natural occurrence. Before Viagra came upon the scene, it was once used for erectile dysfunction. It is used to treat Parkinsons disease and in treating heroin addiction. An unstable colourless liquid itself, decomposing in 24 hours, it stains green on contact.
Bleeding Heart does not contain Heroin, which is just shown here to illustrate the similarity between itself and that of Morphine. Two acetyl groups have replaced the two hydroxyl radicals, and the compound is zwitterionic, having a positive charge on the now tetra-valent nitrogen atom. Heroin does not, as far as is known, occur naturally; it is entirely synthetic. Needless to say, it is deadly poisonous.