GARDEN CATMINT

Nepeta x faassenii

Mint / Dead-Nettle Family [Lamiaceae]

month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8aug month8sep month8sept

status
statusZneophyte
 
flower
flower8lilac flower8pink flower8purple
 
inner
inner8blue
 
morph
morph8zygo
 
petals
petalsZ5
 
type
typeZtieredwhorls
 
stem
stem8square
 
smell
smell8mint
mint

28th June 2010, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
Grows with ascending stems to 1.2m. This plant may be much taller because it might have been forced to grow up through the hedge until it finds daylight (unless the ground is higher on the other side).


28th June 2010, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
Flowers in lax and elongated whorls up the stem.


28th June 2010, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
Flowers a darker-lilac or pinkish-purple colour.


28th June 2010, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
Spent flowers turn first blue before becoming fawn coloured. There are 5 petals, the largest being the lower lobe, two side-wings and two flaps at the top. The bottom lobe has many rounded teeth (I count ~8 here): very distinctive; there cannot be many flowers which have this feature.


28th June 2010, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
The flowers emerge from a long tubular sepal-tube which is in a slight S-curve. The sepal tube is a dark-magenta with short hairs and 5 teeth, the two longest at the top.


28th June 2010, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
The stems have short hairs, are square and get narrower at every leaf-pair junction


28th June 2010, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
The style is longer than the stamens, is concolorous with the petals and forks at the end like a snakes tongue. There are 4 nearby and redder filaments with dark-blue anthers. The flower has darker-purple spots near the centre-line, largest at the lowest lobe where some longer white hairs emerge.


28th June 2010, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
Both stem and leaves are greyish-green with short hairs and feel soft to the touch. The stem usually branches in opposite pairs just above a leaf junction.


28th June 2010, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
The leaves are in opposite-pairs, ovate-oblong in shape and truncate to cuneate at the base. Teeth are lobed in shape with blunt tips. Net-veined with short stalks.


Easily mistaken for : Catmint (Nepeta cataria) which grows to a similar 1m height, but the hairs are denser although the leaves are a similar grey-green. When crushed the leaves smell of mint as do those of Garden Catmint. But the flowers are white with purplish spots.

It is the Hybrid of : Eastern Cat-mint (Nepeta racemosa) (which is shorter with shorter inflorescences too and is more decumbent) with Lesser Cat-mint (Nepeta nepetella) (which has no recorded presence in the UK but is found in Southern Spain). It is usually sterile, but fertile plants are said to exist. Thus it is not invasively rampant like other Catmints.

Some similarities to : Claries (Salvia) species such as Balkan Clary (Salvia nemorosa)but the leaves are totally different, except for those of Whorled Clary (Salvia verticillata) where the leaves are similar (but not identical).

No relation to : No relation to : numerous Cat's-tail grasses nor to Cat's-ears such as Spotted Cat's-ear (Hypochaeris maculata) or Smooth Cat's-ear (Hypochaeris glabra) or Cat's-ear (Hypochaeris radicata) [plants with similar names from differing families].

It is in the same genus as Cat-mint Nepeta cataria better known as Catnip, which contains Nepetalactone in greater abundance which sends cats wild. Cat-mint was once much more common as it spreads (is not sterile like Garden Cat-mint).


  Nepeta Nepeta x faassenii  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Lamiaceae  

Distribution
 family8Mint / Dead-Nettle family8Lamiaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Nepeta
Nepeta
(Cat-Mints)

GARDEN CATMINT

Nepeta x faassenii

Mint / Dead-Nettle Family [Lamiaceae]