BUR CHERVIL

Anthriscus caucalis

Carrot Family [Apiaceae]

month8may month8jun month8june

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8white
inner
inner8cream
inner
inner8green
morph
morph8hemizygo
petals
petalsZ5
type
typeZumbel
stem
stem8round
stem
stem8hollow
stem
stem8fluted

21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
A sward of Bur Chervil.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
An upright to sprawling annual plant, up to 70cm tall.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
The flowers are tiny, about 2 - 3mm across and few in number, and in small groups of five.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
The leaves are fern-like, finely divided, and 2- to 3-pinnate.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Flowers grow on in well-separated umbels of umbels, with few in each umbel. The upper parts of the plant do have hairs (contrary to Blamey Fitter and Fitter), long straight ones, but the lower stems lack them.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Like all members of the Umbellifer Family (Apiaceae) the flowers have five petals, but in this case they are af almost equal size; the flower symmetry is hemizygomorphic. Note the light-green burs around what will become the seed pods.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Flowers have a light-green double-rounded centre and five stamens with creamy anthers. The burs are hooked (under flower top right).


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Some anthers seem larger than others and light-green instead.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
A very small umbel with a skirt of narrow and pointed bracts immediately beneath it. The hooked burs on the seed pods most easily discerned on the flower top left.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
The hairless lower stalk is hairless. Branches emerge from a sheath cushioned by linty hairs.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Leaves finely divided and with longer hairs on the underside, especially along the mid-rib.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Pinnules terminated by a pointed hair.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Seed pods have hooked burs on lower 2/3rds of the pod, i.e. the pods are 'beaked'.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Leaves doubly or triply-pinnate, and fern-like.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Leaves not dissimilar to those of Parsley Fern, nor to Parsley itself.


21st May 2012, Formby Dunes, Sefton Coast. Photo: © RWD
Note the groove on the upper surface of leaf stalks.


Not to be confused with : Rough Chervil (Chaerophyllum temulum) [a plant with similar name which although in the same Umbellifer Family (Apiaceae) is in a differing Genus, that of Chaerophyllum]. Rough Chervil is taller, has larger umbels with more flowers in each umbel of umbels, and is darker green.

Easily mistaken for : many other small umbellifers.

Some similarities to : Cow Parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris) is much taller, whilst Garden Chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium) has larger leaf-lobes. Neither have seed pods with hooked burs as does Bur Chervil.

No relation to : the numerous Bur-Marigolds, Pirri-pirri-bur nor to the three Bur-reeds such as Branched Bur-Reed [plants with similar names belonging in differing families].


  Anthriscus caucalis  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Apiaceae  

Distribution
 family8Carrot family8Apiaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Anthriscus
Anthriscus
(Chervils)

BUR CHERVIL

Anthriscus caucalis

Carrot Family [Apiaceae]