WILD CLARY

Salvia verbeneca

Mint / Dead-Nettle Family [Lamiaceae]

month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8aug month8sep month8sept

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8blue
inner
inner8white
morph
morph8zygo
petals
petalsZ2
type
typeZtieredwhorls
stem
stem8square

ssp. horminoides

27th June, 2015, Knowsley Safari Park, Merseyside. Photo: © RWD
Flowers in whorls up the stem, in whorls of 5 or 6, not 4 despite the square stem.


10th June 2015, fields, South Wales. Photo: © Fred Fee
The plant is up to 80cm high, can be branched and grows in grassland often in rather bare places.


27th June, 2015, Knowsley Safari Park, Merseyside. Photo: © RWD
The whorls may be rather close at first, but become more widely separated as it grows. The stem becomes thinner every time a whorl is passed because the stems seem to grow inside one another like an extending telescope.


27th June, 2015, Knowsley Safari Park, Merseyside. Photo: © RWD
The flowers are a deeper blue than Whorled Clary (Salvia verticillata and are not as big or showy either. There is a hooded upper lip and a lower lip with three lobes. Note the two white marks on the lower lip, which means this specimen from Knowsley is of ssp. horminoides.


27th June, 2015, Knowsley Safari Park, Merseyside. Photo: © RWD
Empty sepal tubes are paler, a rather steely blue/green. Sepals Plant is covered in short white glandular hairs.


27th June, 2015, Knowsley Safari Park, Merseyside. Photo: © RWD
Sepal tubes are ridged and have a definite upper and lower half.


27th June, 2015, Knowsley Safari Park, Merseyside. Photo: © RWD
The identifying feature to distinguish Wild Clary from Whorled Clary or Meadow Clary are the stem leaves, which are rounded and somewhat irregular toothed. Leaves in pairs.


10th June 2015, fields, South Wales. Photo: © Fred Fee
Stem leaves.




ssp. verbeneca


Sorry, no photos as yet


Can be mis-identified as : Meadow Clary (Salvia pratensis) but that is fairly rare [RR], has much larger and showy flowers but has similar leaves to Wild Clary; or as Whorled Clary (Salvia verticillata) which has slightly paler blue flowers than Wild Clary and pointed-teeth on lanceolate leaves. Both of those are naturalised and non-native rather than native as is Wild Clary.

There are two sub-species of Wild Clary:

  • Wild Clary (Salvia verbeneca ssp. verbeneca) which has but few glandular hairs, is native and a very rare [RRR] found in Guernsey (if still there).
  • Wild Clary (Salvia verbeneca ssp. hominoides) which has many glandular hairs and flowers with two white marks at the base of the lower lip (seldom found in ssp. verbeneca). Frequently found over the UK except for central England. This is the sub-species shown in the above photos.


  Salvia verbeneca  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Lamiaceae  

Distribution
 family8Mint / Dead-Nettle family8Lamiaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Salvia
Salvia
(Claries)

WILD CLARY

Salvia verbeneca

Mint / Dead-Nettle Family [Lamiaceae]