LONG-STALKED CRANE'S-BILL

Geranium columbinum

Cranesbill (Geranium) Family [Geraniaceae]

month8may month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8aug

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8pink
inner
inner8purple
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZ5
stem
stem8round

2nd June 2007, Cridmore, IoW. Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
Stems up to 60cm long. Erect to sprawling, often scrambling through other plants.


2nd June 2007, Cridmore, IoW. Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
These flowers have gone to fruit (one at top right)


21st July 2013, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
Like Cut-Leaved Crane's-bill the leaves are ~ pinnately-lobed and deeply-cut (often nearly to the base).


21st July 2013, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
The flowers mostly have long stalks, usually over 25mm long. Each junction is surrounded by a few short red bracts (as are those of many other crane's-bills) but not all.


21st July 2013, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
Five pink flared petals with three narrow red veins. The sepals behind are terminated by a long fine point. Un-opened flower bud encased in sepals with long narrow tips.


21st July 2013, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
Rear of sepals, their stalks and the leaves - all have long hairs which are appressed flat and directed downwards (unlike Cut-leaved Crane's-bill where the hairs are denser, and curved and pointing only slightly downwards). Also none of the hairs on Long-stalked Crane's-bill have glandular-tipped hairs (but both fruits, sepals and flower stalks have glandular-tipped hairs on Cut-Leaved Crane's-bill)


21st July 2013, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
There are 5 flared petals which may, or may not, be slightly indented at the apex. The sepals are tipped by a long narrow slightly-tapering green cylinder which is itself topped by a red tip with some hairs on it. There might be 10(?) pale blue anthers atop the white filament. The style splits at the top into 5 radial pink stigmas (which are decidedly more flesh-coloured pink than the redder-pink petals).


21st July 2013, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
The sepals are spear-head shaped with a long narrow lance at the end. They have three prominent veins, wider than the three reddish ones of the petals.


4th June 2011, Ashengrove, IoW. Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
The flower on the right is displaying 5 pink stigmas (the stamens have lost their anthers). That on the left is going to fruit.


4th June 2011, Ashengrove, IoW. Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
1o white filaments which have lost their anthers surround a central style with 5 pint stigmas.


4th June 2011, Ashengrove, IoW. Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone


21st July 2013, Photo: © Bastiaan Brak
Turning to fruit. Red bracts ate each stem junction. (The pale blue flowers below are those of another plant)


2nd June 2007, Cridmore, IoW. Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
Leaves deeply cut into linear-lanceolate parts, each tipped by a red Hydathode.


Could be confused with : Cut-Leaved Crane's-bill (Geranium dissectum) which also has deeply-cut leaves, but that has: some glandular hairs and hairs which are not appressed flat to the stems/stalks/sepals (whereas they are appressed flat on Long-stalked Crane's-bill), the flower stalks are shorter mostly < 25mm long on Cut-Leaved Crane's-bill (mostly longer than 25mm in length on Long-stalked Crane's-bill), the petals are shorter at only 4.5 - 6mm on Cut-Leaved Crane's-bill (longer at 7-10mm on Long-stalked Crane's-bill)

Uniquely identifiable characteristics

Distinguishing Feature : The very long flower-stalks on some of the flowers (>25mm long) and the deeply-cut leaves.

No relation to : Long-Stalked Orache (Atriplex longipes), Long-stalked Rape (Brassica elongata), Long-stalked Yellow-sedge (), Long-stalked (Carex lepidocarpa) nor to Long-stalked Pondweed (Potamogeton praelongus), [plants with similar names belonging to differing families].

It is native and found mainly in the South Western quarter of England, with less dense outbreaks scattered over the rest of England, with very little presence in either Scotland or Ireland. It often sprawls through vegetation but can be more or less upright. It grows in grassy places mainly on disturbed, thin calcareous soils, chalk or limestone. Also on south-facing verges, banks and dunes.


  Geranium columbinum  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Geraniaceae  

Distribution
 family8Cranesbill (Geranium) family8Geraniaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Geranium
Geranium
(Crane's-Bills)

LONG-STALKED CRANE'S-BILL

Geranium columbinum

Cranesbill (Geranium) Family [Geraniaceae]