WOOD DOG-VIOLET

EARLY DOG-VIOLET

Viola reichenbachiana

Violet Family [Violaceae]

month8mar month8march month8apr month8april month8may

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8bicolour
flower
flower8indigo
flower
flower8blue flower8mauve
inner
inner8white
inner
inner8yellow
morph
morph8zygo
petals
petalsZ5
type
typeZspurred
stem
stem8round

26th March 2011, quarry, Ballykelly, Campile, Co. Wexford, Eire Photo: © Paula O'Meara
With bluish-mauve flowers. Leaves which are longer than broad (as are many but not all Violets) and deeply cordate (Ace-of-Spades shaped) leaves.


26th March 2011, quarry, Ballykelly, Campile, Co. Wexford, Eire Photo: © Paula O'Meara
All Violets gave a spur at the rear of the flower, but on Early Dog-violet it is darker shade than that of the petals.


26th March 2011, quarry, Ballykelly, Campile, Co. Wexford, Eire Photo: © Paula O'Meara
With paler petals than those of Common-Dog Violet.


26th March 2011, quarry, Ballykelly, Campile, Co. Wexford, Eire Photo: © Paula O'Meara
With white style in centre which has a beak at the end.


26th March 2011, quarry, Ballykelly, Campile, Co. Wexford, Eire Photo: © Paula O'Meara
Sepals pointed, as they are on most but not all Violets. The sepal appendages (tiny spurs at rear of sepals) are less than 1.5mm long.


26th March 2011, quarry, Ballykelly, Campile, Co. Wexford, Eire Photo: © Paula O'Meara
Leaves.


26th March 2011, quarry, Ballykelly, Campile, Co. Wexford, Eire Photo: © Paula O'Meara
The Hydathodes at the tips of leaf teeth are not an identifying feature. They allow excess water to escape and are present on many differing plants, but not all.


Not to be semantically confused with : Dame's Violet (Hesperis matronalis) nor with Water Violet (Hottonia palustris), Violet Wallflower (Erysimum linifolium), Violet Hellebore (Epipactis purpurata), [un-related plants with similar names]

Easily mistaken for : many other Dog-violets such as Common-Dog Violet (Viola riviniana) but see captions to help guide.

Hybridises with :

  • Heath Dog-violet (Viola canina) to produce Viola × mixta which is very rare and confusable with Viola × intersita (which is the hybrid between Common-Dog Violet (Viola riviniana) and Heath Dog-violet (Viola canina)
  • Common-Dog Violet (Viola riviniana) to produce Viola × bavarica


  Viola reichenbachiana  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Violaceae  

Distribution
 family8Violet family8Violaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Viola
Viola
(Violets)

WOOD DOG-VIOLET

EARLY DOG-VIOLET

Viola reichenbachiana

Violet Family [Violaceae]