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PEARLY EVERLASTING

WESTERN PEARLY EVERLASTING (USA)

Anaphalis margaritacea

Daisy & Dandelion Family [Asteraceae]  

Flowers:
month8jul month8july month8aug month8sep month8sept

Pappus: pappusZpossible (short, bristles)
pappus8sep pappus8sept pappus8oct

category
category8Shrubs
category
category8Deciduous
category
category8Broadleaf
status
statusZneophyte
flower
flower8grey outer8silver outer8silvery outer8white
inner
inner8yellow
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZMany
stem
stem8round
sex
sexZdioecious

12th Sept 2007, Crag Inn Beer Garden, Wildboardclough, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
Grows up to a metre high. A silvery grey rosette of petal-like bracts surrounds a yellow central portion of the flower, the florets.


12th Sept 2007, Crag Inn Beer Garden, Wildboardclough, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
A flower terminates every branched stem.


12th Sept 2007, Crag Inn Beer Garden, Wildboardclough, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
Each flower resembles a (silvery grey) pine cone with a protruding yellow shaving brush, the florets. The bracts are plentiful with brownish and light-green markings deeper down.


12th Sept 2007, Crag Inn Beer Garden, Wildboardclough, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
The yellow wire-like stamens split into two near the tips and apart from the colour look similar to Knapweed. Like knapweeds, the stems thicken close to the flower.


12th Sept 2007, Crag Inn Beer Garden, Wildboardclough, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
It is unusual for the bracts to fully open. Matt grey on the outside, they are shiny and whitish on the inner surface.


12th Sept 2007, Crag Inn Beer Garden, Wildboardclough, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
When finished, the yellow stamens turn brownish. All stems are silvery grey and slightly hoary.


12th Sept 2007, Crag Inn Beer Garden, Wildboardclough, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
The leaves are long, narrow lanceolate, darkish green with hoary white fine hairs.


12th Sept 2007, Crag Inn Beer Garden, Wildboardclough, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
Both leaves and stem are hoary, the stem being much whiter than the (upper side of) leaves [the underside of the leaf is hoary white].


Not to be confused with: Pearlworts such as Heath Pearlwort nor with Mountain Everlasting [plants with similar names].

Superficial resemblance to : Astrantia which also has white bracts.

Uniquely identifiable characteristics

Distinguishing Feature : The silvery greyish multiple petal-like bracts similar to a pine cone surrounding a shaving-brush type protrusion of florets similar to that of knapweed but yellow, not purple.

More likely to be found in a garden than growing wild, although it does readily grow wild in uplands, undisturbed brush, and roadsides.

Not to be confused with : Mountain Everlasting (Antennaria dioica), which belongs to a differing genus within the same Daisy & Dandelion family (Asteraceae).

There are 110 different species of Pearly Everlasting, and this is one of them. It is the only one that grows wild in the UK. The cut flowers tend to last a long time - since the bracts are without chlorophyll and are already silvery white, they do not change colour much, but the inner flowers tend to go brownish. They can be used for house decoration over winter.

Pearly Everlasting is dioecious. The seeds are, like Dandelion seeds, on long thin hairs with a 'parachute' at the far end, which enables them to be carried on the slightest of breezes. The stems are thickish, greyish white with fine hairs, brittle and dry.

The name possibly derives from the confusion of pearly white bracts surrounding the flower, rather than the flower being like a pearl, although there may be a bit of both in the name.


  Anaphalis margaritacea  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Asteraceae  

Distribution
 family8Compositae family8Daisy family8Dandelion family8Asteraceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Anaphalis
Anaphalis
(Pearly Everlasting)

PEARLY EVERLASTING

WESTERN PEARLY EVERLASTING

Anaphalis margaritacea

Daisy & Dandelion Family [Asteraceae]  

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