categoryZFerns Ferns List 

HARD-FERN

Blechnum spicant

Hard-Fern Family [Blechnaceae]  

Fronds:
fronds8Jan fronds8Feb fronds8mar fronds8march fronds8Aug fronds8sep fronds8sept fronds8Oct fronds8Nov fronds8Dec

category
category8Ferns
 
status
statusZnative
 

10th July 2009, In woodland, Rosthwaite, Borrowdale, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Typically grows in darker places within a woods and deep shade on a dry-stone wall rather than in full sunshine.


10th July 2009, In woodland, Rosthwaite, Borrowdale, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Prefers acid soil, here on leaf litter. The sterile are a paler green, the fertile fronds a darker green and narrower pinnae.


10th July 2009, In woodland, Rosthwaite, Borrowdale, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
The typical basal rosette of a single plant.


10th July 2009, In woodland, Rosthwaite, Borrowdale, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
The fertile fronds are darker green and have pinnae that are curled under at the edges.


10th July 2009, In woodland, Rosthwaite, Borrowdale, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
A single mid-rib (rachis) runs the entire length, It is a simple 1-pinnate design. Sterile frond above fertile frond.


10th July 2009, In woodland, Rosthwaite, Borrowdale, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
The reverse side of sterile frond.


4th Sept, Hanging Gate PH, Wildboarclough, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
The reverse side of fertile frond, curled up at edges.


Not to be confused with: Hard Shield-Fern [a plant with similar name]


  Blechnum spicant  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Blechnaceae  

Distribution
family8Fern family8Pteropsida

 BSBI maps
genus8Blechnum
Blechnum
(Hard-ferns)

HARD-FERN

Blechnum spicant

Hard-Fern Family [Blechnaceae]  

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