FOX AND CUBS

[Orange Hawkweed]

Pilosella aurantiaca

Daisy Family [Asteraceae]  

Flowers:
month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8Aug month8sep month8sept

Pappus: pappusZpossible (white, simple)
pappus8aug pappus8sep pappus8sept pappus8oct

status
statusZneophyte
flower
flower8bicolour
flower
flower8orange
inner
inner8yellow
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZmany
stem
stem8round

July. Photo: © RWD
On waste ground. Leaves sparsely covered in very long hairs, especially on the edges.


8th June 2005, Monsall Dale, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
Common in churchyards.


25th June 2005, Churchyard, Chinley, Derbyshire, Photo: © RWD
It spreads, multiplying prolifically, by a creeping root system.


25th June 2005, Churchyard, Chinley, Derbyshire, Photo: © RWD


25th June 2005, Churchyard, Chinley, Derbyshire, Photo: © RWD


3rd June 2005, Red Rock, Leeds & Liverpool Canal, Wigan. Photo: © RWD


3rd June 2005, Red Rock, Leeds & Liverpool Canal, Wigan. Photo: © RWD


4th Oct 2005, Birchover, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD


4th Oct 2005, Birchover, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD


4th Oct 2005, Birchover, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
The seed clocks are smaller than dandelion seed clocks.


4th Oct 2005, Birchover, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
But the seeds carried by the 'parachutes' look more robust.


9th June 2009, Blackleach Country Pk, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The bracts/sepals around the flower also have very long white hairs.


9th June 2009, Blackleach Country Pk, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Orange ray florets at the periphery with shorter and shorter ones becoming yellower near the centre.Petals tipped red. The styles are long and greenish-yellow.


Being an orange hawkweed, this flower has uniquely identifiable characteristics. There is also a 'Yellow Fox & Cubs'.

Confusion: There are two sub-species of Fox and Cubs, ssp. auranticola which is much less abundant and ssp. carpaticola which is widespread. It is likely that all the above are of the latter sub-species auranticola. They are native to alpine Europe, growing on mountains at up to 2.6km above sea level, and were introduced to the UK as a garden plant.

The name of 'Fox and Cubs' refers to the way that many of the as-yet un-opened flower heads hide beneath those that have opened. The seed-head of orange hawkweed is both smaller and coarser than that of the dandelion, to which it is related.

Fox and Cubs is often found in churchyards and graveyards, but can equally be found in the garden.

Formerly called Hieracium aurantiaca ssp. aurantiaca and Hieracium aurantiaca ssp. carpathicola (which are Hawkweeds rather than Mouse-ear Hawkweeds).


  Pilosella aurantiaca  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Asteraceae  

Distribution
family8Daisy family8dandelion family8Asteraceae

 BSBI maps
genus8hieracium genus8pilosella
Pilosella
(Mouse-ear Hawkweeds)

FOX AND CUBS

[Orange Hawkweed]

Pilosella aurantiaca

Daisy Family [Asteraceae]  

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