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HEDGE FUCHSIA

Fuchsia magellanica

Willowherb Family [Onagraceae]

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category
category8Shrubs
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category8Deciduous
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category8Broadleaf
flower
flower8red
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morph
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petals
petalsZ4
stem
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3rd June 2010, north Walney island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Un-typically tree-like. This specimen may have been pruned?


3rd June 2010, north Walney island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Somewhat surprisingly this plant is in the Willowherb family, no others of which are shrub-like, but the leaves do have Willowherb characteristics.


July, a garden in Walkden, Greater Manchester. Photo: © RWD
The flowers droop, hanging downwards on long thin reddish stalks.


July, a garden in Walkden, Greater Manchester. Photo: © RWD
The leaves are oval to lanceolate have a few forwardly-directed fine teeth.


3rd June 2010, north Walney island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Flowers unique, pendant, with four narrow and long bright-red petal-like sepals.


3rd June 2010, north Walney island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
The four petals (which can be red, pink, purple, violet or sometimes but rarely white) are form a short cylinder within the sepals, and eight long red protruding stamens with red anthers. The pollen will be white. A single longer stigma protrudes even further.


3rd June 2010, north Walney island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Four purple (or red, or violet or pink or white) petals curved around each other into a cylinder. Eight red anthers protrude on stamens.


3rd June 2010, north Walney island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
The whorls of leaves.


3rd June 2010, north Walney island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Leaves in whorls of three to four.


Uniquely identifiable characteristics

Distinguishing Feature : The large pendant flowers with four splayed-out narrow red sepals, and the protruding red stamens.

Although the BSBI website seems to suggest it grows wild in the Greater Manchester area, your Author has never seen it growing wild here. Most (if not all) are garden escapes anyway. It suckers with underground rhizomes when under stress, and thus spreads into next-doors garden.

There are several garden varieties that spread in the wild. The commonest taxon of the several might be Fuchsia magellanica var. macrostema (otherwise known as Fuchsia 'Riccartonii', but the they have not been worked out taxonomically.

Can be mistaken for : Large-flowered Fuchsia (Fuchsia 'Corallina') which has larger and broader flowers.

There is also a much rarer hybrid of garden origin, which is tentatively thought to be Fuchsia splendens × Fuchsia globosa.

It is not known with 100% certainty which the above photographs represent, but they are of garden origin. The two sets of photos do seem to have slightly differing leaves, with those in Walkden being floppier than those on Walney Island which look stiffer.

The seed pods (not yet shown) are roughly cylindrical and dark reddish-brown to nearly black.


  Fuchsia magellanica  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Onagraceae  

Distribution
 family8Willowherb family8Onagraceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Fuchsia
Fuchsia
(Fuchsias)

HEDGE FUCHSIA

Fuchsia magellanica

Willowherb Family [Onagraceae]