FIELD GARLIC

Allium oleraceum

Onion & Garlic Family [Alliaceae]

month8jul month8july month8aug

status
statusZnative
 
flower
flower8cream
 
inner
inner8pink
 
inner
inner8green
 
inner
inner8brown
 
morph
morph8actino
 
petals
petalsZ6
 
type
typeZclustered
 
stem
stem8round
 
stem
stem8ribbed
 
stem
stem8hollow
 
smell
smell8garlic
garlic
rarity
rarityZuncommon
 

5th July 2015, Photo: © David Shaw
Medium height to 80cm. Flowers and later bulbils grow within the lower part of a pair of extremely long papery bracts which at first is glaucous green with pale stripes.


5th July 2015, Photo: © David Shaw
The bulbils are green turning reddish purple and taper to a curved point.


5th July 2015, Photo: © David Shaw
Stem glaucous-green, round, with slight ridges; usually hollow.


5th July 2015, Photo: © David Shaw
A single flower head (containing numerous off-white flowers) sits at the summit of the stem, here as-yet un-opened. [The ace-of-spades shaped leaves of Black Bryony behind].


Some similarities to : Crow Garlic (Allium vineale) - see below.

Uniquely identifiable characteristics

Distinguishing Feature :

Fairly rare. Grows in fields, road verges and other grassy places in Notts, Yorkshire, Middlesbro', Teeside, parts of Cumbria, missing out much of Lancs. Also around Worcester, Sumerset, Devon & small parts of Kent.

Un-like Crow Garlic (Allium vineale) which has purple flowers with protruding stamens, Field Garlic has off-white creamy flowers which can be tinged pink, green or brown and the stamens do not protrude out of the flower (stamens shorter than tepals). Both those have cup-shaped flowers and two papery bracts, but in the case of Field Garlic, the bract is much longer - but shorter than the bracts of Keeled Garlic (Allium carinatum). Field Garlic never has just flowers only and only rarely bulbils only. The flowers have 6 tepals 5-7mm long, as do all species of Allium, but un-like Three-Cornered Garlic (Allium triquestrum or Few-Flowered Garlic (Allium paradoxum) they are not trumpet-flared. Filaments (stamens) are simple.

The sten is round, glaucous green, with only slight ridges and is often hollow. The leaves are (usually) of D-shaped (semi-cylindrical) cross-section.


  Allium oleraceum  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Alliaceae  

Distribution
 family8Onion & Garlic family8Alliaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Allium
Allium
(Onion)

FIELD GARLIC

Allium oleraceum

Onion & Garlic Family [Alliaceae]