LARGE-FLOWERED HEMP-NETTLE

LARGE HEMP NETTLE

Galeopsis speciosa

Mint / Dead-Nettle Family [Lamiaceae]  

month8jul month8july month8aug month8sep month8sept

status
statusZarchaeophyte
 
flower
flower8bicolour
 
flower
flower8yellow
 
inner
inner8purple
 
morph
morph8zygo
 
petals
petalsZ2
 
stem
stem8square
 
stem
stem8hollow
 
smell
smell8strong smell8foul
strong

17th Sept 2009, Crop Field, Rufford, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
A very stunted specimen in natural habitat.


17th Sept 2009, Crop Field, Rufford, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Flowers stand upright on longish pillars. Leaves nettle-shaped.


17th Sept 2009, Crop Field, Rufford, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Pentangular spiked receptacles near top where the flowers are supposed to emerge.


17th Sept 2009, Crop Field, Rufford, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Flowers two-lipped. lower lip splits into three; two 'arms' and a lip. Flowers coloured yellow and white with the lower lip splashed with purple. Leaves toothed with short hairs.


17th Sept 2009, Crop Field, Rufford, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Upper petal is hairy on upper surface. Four long stamens with greyish pollen crouch underneath the upper lip.


17th Sept 2009, Crop Field, Rufford, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Like a ghostly alien, the side lips hang like arms, lower sleeves white. The lower middle lip of the 'tunic' has a large purple splurge on the lower part which looks like a housewives' apron, and purple markings on a yellow background in the upper half. A roll-over collar completes the attire. The hair on the head and the four eyes give him away as an alien however. The two roll-over collars at the junctions between the lower lips identifies Hemp-Nettles from Dead-Nettles.


17th Sept 2009, Crop Field, Rufford, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
The stems, hairy on all four sides, have a tendency to redden'


17th Sept 2009, Crop Field, Rufford, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Nettle-like leaves.


Some similarities to : Dead-Nettles, but the two roll-over collars at the junctions between the lower lips identifies Hemp-Nettles from Dead-Nettles.

This plant has been used as a medicinal herb, for instance as an expectorant, for pulmonary infections and for treating wounds and insect bites. It contains phenylpropanoids, iridoids, flavonoids, tannins and Stachydrine. Plants belonging to the Dead-nettle family are a rich source of phenylpropanoid anti-oxidants.


  Galeopsis speciosa  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Lamiaceae  

Distribution
 family8Mint family8Dead-Nettle family8Lamiaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Galeopsis
Galeopsis
(Hemp-Nettles)

LARGE-FLOWERED HEMP-NETTLE

LARGE HEMP NETTLE

Galeopsis speciosa

Mint / Dead-Nettle Family [Lamiaceae]  

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