PERENNIAL HONESTY

Lunaria rediviva

Cabbage Family [Brassicaceae]

month8may month8jun month8june

status
statusZalien
flower
flower8bicolour
flower
flower8white
flower
flower8lilac flower8pink
inner
inner8green
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZ4
stem
stem8round

18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
A perennial garden plant which hardly ever escapes by itself into the wild. It is usually planted.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
Unlike Annual Honesty it has cordate (Ace-of-Spades shaped) leaves which are on stalks.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
The flowers are much the same as those of Annual Honesty, but the fruits are remarkably different. These two leaves near the top are more spear-shaped than cordate, narrower, and with longer cusped teeth.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
Four floppy white to pink/lilac petals and a seed pod growing out of the centre.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
These seed pods are nowhere near fully grown. Short stubbly hairs on the stems, angled downwards.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
The leaves have winged stems. Teeth on leaves are cusped.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
A very immature seed pod still has a long way to grow.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
Seed pod starting to take shape, but still very small and under-developed. It is on a long stalk coming from the ovary of the flower (a petal is still attached to it). The seed pods later widen and lengthen to form a large flattened oval shape similar to a Privet leaf in shape if not colour.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
Leaves with curved venation.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
The cusped teeth and the winged stem of the leaf.


Some similarities to : Honesty (Lunaria annua) but that has pinker flowers, leaves without stalks (on the upper part only) and the seed pods are more like ping-pong bats.

Slight resemblance to (the flowers of) : Cuckooflower (Cardamine pratensis).

Superficial resemblance to : Dame's-Violet (Hesperis matronalis) which have either pink, or white flowers on separate plants, but the pods of Dame's-Violet are slightly different, being thin and cylindrical rather than flattened oval/elliptical, and the leaves are both stalkless and lanceolate.

It is a perennial plant growing to 1m or more grown in gardens. It very rarely escapes into the wild as a casual, if at all, and is usually planted. The BSBI map does show a square where your Author found this, and one or two other squares in the UK. It grows in damp woods and on lime soils.


  Lunaria rediviva  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Brassicaceae  

Distribution
 family8Cabbage family8Brassicaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Lunaria
Lunaria
(Honesty)

PERENNIAL HONESTY

Lunaria rediviva

Cabbage Family [Brassicaceae]