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BOX-LEAVED HONEYSUCKLE

PRIVET HONEYSUCKLE

Lonicera pileata

Honeysuckle Family [Caprifoliaceae]

month8may month8jun month8june

Berries: berryZpossible        berryZbluish berryZpurple  (slightly poisonous, φ6mm, translucent)
berry8aug berry8sep berry8sept berry8oct

category
category8Shrubs
category
category8Broadleaf
category
category8Evergreen
status
statusZneophyte
flower
flower8cream flower8green
morph
morph8hemizygo morph8actino
petals
petalsZ5
type
typeZtubular
stem
stem8round
toxicity
toxicityZlowish

18th April 2014, Waterloo, Sefton Coast, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Unlike many Honeysuckles Box-leaved Honeysuckle is an evergreen shrub and grows to just 1m. Beloved by Councils as municipal hedging in parks and roads.


26th April 2014, in woods, Runcorn East. Photo: © RWD
It can be bird-sown too.


3rd May 2014, Birch Rd, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Un-opened flowers may taper from creamy-green at the rear to brownish at the tip if catching the Sun. As may open flowers.


18th April 2014, Waterloo, Sefton Coast, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
It has shiny leaves in opposite pairs along the branches, which are themselves alternately sub-branched. the flowers are like miniature cigarettes, tubular to conical in shape.


3rd May 2014, Birch Rd, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The sepals are brownish here and pointed; the petals within creamish-green and rounded.


26th April 2014, Birch Rd, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Sheltered from direct sunlight the flowers are creamy-greenish and are in pairs in leaf axils. Leaves hairless, but stems hairy, sometimes reddish. Flowers actinomorphic/hemizygomorphic as are just a few other Honeysuckles (rather than the zygomorphic of most Honeysuckles).


18th April 2014, Waterloo, Sefton Coast, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Flowers long and tubular-conical. stems can be reddish and hairy. Several flowers have already dropped off here leaving the ovary to expand into a purple berry in September.


18th April 2014, Waterloo, Sefton Coast, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Flowers have 5 prominent stamens with cream-coloured pollen and a stigma.


18th April 2014, Waterloo, Sefton Coast, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Flowers are conically-tubular and actinomorphic/hemi-zygomorphic with 5 short petals.


18th April 2014, Waterloo, Sefton Coast, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Has spreading branches.


26th April 2014, in woods, Runcorn East. Photo: © RWD
Oblong to elliptic hairless and glossy leaves which are in opposite pairs. They possess just a few lighter-green veins.


Easily mistaken for : Wilson's Honeysuckle (Lonicera nitida) because both have a similar jizz and purple berries but Wilson's Honeysuckle has shorter leaves ([4] 6-16mm as opposed to [6] 12-32mm of Box-leaved Honeysuckle) and similar but slightly shorter conically-tubular actinomorphic/hemi-zygomorphic flowers (5-7mm as opposed to 6-8mm of Box-leaved Honeysuckle) . The berries are similarly coloured translucent purple and are roughly the same size for both plants, 6mm. Although Box-leaved Honeysuckle grows to only about half the height (1m) as does Wilson's Honeysuckle (1.8m), the leaves and flowers of the latter are larger than that of the shorter Box-leaved Honeysuckle plant.

As a by-word, Wilson's Honeysuckle (Lonicera nitida) has a slight resemblance (when not in flower) to Wall Cotoneasters (Cotoneaster horizontalis) on account of the herringbone pattern of the branched branches, although in the case of Box-leaved Honeysuckle, the branches are not all parallel to each other and diverge somewhat. The leaves of Wall Cotoneaster are also a similar shape to those of Wilson's Honeysuckle but alternate rather than in opposite pairs.

Not directly related to : Himalayan Honeysuckle [which is in the same Honeysuckle Family but in a differing genus, Leycestaria].

No relation to : Box (Buxus sempervirens) [a plant with similar name belonging to a differing family], but has leaves like that of Box.

An evergreen and broadleaf non-native garden shrub native to Central & SW China which escapes as bird-sown occasionally. It is widely planted as a roadside border shrub by Municipal Councils. It has a large translucent and purple berry in which the seeds can be discerned.


  Lonicera pileata  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Caprifoliaceae  

Distribution
 family8Honeysuckle family8Caprifoliaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Lonicera
Lonicera
(Honeysuckles)

BOX-LEAVED HONEYSUCKLE

PRIVET HONEYSUCKLE

Lonicera pileata

Honeysuckle Family [Caprifoliaceae]