Not to be semantically confused with: Common Centaury (Centaurium erythraea) nor with similar Centauries such as
Seaside Centaury (Centaurium littorale) [plants whose Latin names are similar, but which are in a totally different Family altogether, the Gentian Family (Gentianaceae)].
Easily mis-identified as : Lesser Knapweed, but see text below.
Possibly hybridises with : Lesser Knapweed, but see text below.
Not to be confused semantically with : Knotgrasses such as
Equal-leaved Knotgrass or
Northern Knotgrass which belong to the Dock & Knotweed Family, namely Polygonium [they both have similar names]. Nor should they be confused with Knotweeds such as Giant Knotweed,
Japanese Knotweed or Lesser Knotweed which also belong to the Dock & Knotweed Family (Polygonium).
No relation to : Knotweeds or Knotgrasses [plants with similar name, see above].
Common Knapweed is quite a confusing plant, although it doesn't 'seem' (but see below) to hybridise with other knapweeds, it has two or more forms besides the rayed and un-rayed versions shown above. One of these is the slenderer and greener Lesser Knapweed with stems scarcely swollen at the base of the flowerhead. Many list Slender Knapweed as Centaurea nemoralis but this is not listed on the BSBI website (an oversight perhaps?). On the other hand, Mr. Clive Stace lists Lesser Knapweed as Centaurea nemoralis and lists Centaurea nemoralis as the older name for it, but whatever, Centaurea debeauxii is also not listed on the BSBI website either.
Common Knapweed has two subspecies: Centaurea nigra subsp. nigra (
Common Knapweed) and Centaurea nigra subsp. nemoralis (Lesser Knapweed. Intermediates occur where both subspecies grow together, or even without subsp. nemoralis.
Tellingly, Mr Clive Stace lists Common Knapweed as hybridising with Centaurea debeauxii (Lesser Knapweed) but goes on to say that intermediates are common and fully fertile between each other which he says hints that the two 'species' are not separate species. In which case, Common Knapweed/Lesser Knapweed is a single but very variable species. This WildFlowerWebsite lists the two separately so that the reader may see the 'difference' between perhaps the two extremes of the single range.
This all makes Common Knapweed / Lesser Knapweed very confusing. Some geneticist may come along and sort it all out. In the meantime, Lesser Knapweed will get a page to itself on this website.
Grows in waste places and other rough ground.