LEOPARDPLANT

Ligularia dentata

Daisy & Dandelion Family [Asteraceae]

Flowers:
month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8aug

Pappus: pappusZpossible (reddish-brown, stiff, simple, achenes cylindrical)
pappus8oct pappus8nov

status
statusZneophyte
flower
flower8yellow
inner
inner8orange
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZ5
type
typeZspiked
stem
stem8round
stem
stem8ribbed
toxicity
toxicityZmedium

6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Grows to 1.2m in height.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
With a long cylindrical spike of yellow flowers a little reminiscent of a giant test-tube cleaning brush.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Flowers arranged radially around an extended stem.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
A full complement of petals is perhaps five, but few flowers seldom seem to possess so many at any one time.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Petals are very long and narrow and curved, a little like those of Witch Hazel.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
The sepal tubes are long, green and very narrow.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Unfurled petals (top centre).


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Going to seed from the bottom upwards.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
There seem to be five? sepals to the sepal tube.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
The flowers have an extended yellow stamen which protrudes from the flower and has a double-pronged tightly-coiled end.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
The leaves appear at intervals singly around the lower third of the stem on their own stalks.


6th Aug 2013, a garden, Salford Crescent, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Ace-of-Spades in shape, with irregularly toothed edges becoming more deeply-cut and lobed at the back.


17th Oct 2013, summit level, Rochdale Canal, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
The leaves are irregular and jaggedly toothed.


17th Oct 2013, summit level, Rochdale Canal, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Going to seed from the bottom upwards.


17th Oct 2013, summit level, Rochdale Canal, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
The petals and stamens have fallen off, the long sepal tube gone blackish brown and within is the reddish-brown pappus, stiff, simple and fairly short at about 8mm long, a bit like a chimney-sweeps brush.


17th Oct 2013, summit level, Rochdale Canal, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
The seed (achene) attached to the pappus is cylindrical.


Easily confused with : Tyneside Leopardplant (Ligularia przewalskii) [a plant in the same Genus but that has palmately-lobed leaves which are irregularly lobed].

Not to be semantically confused with : Leopard's-bane (Doronicum pardalianches) [and other Leopard's-bane plants belonging to the same Daisy Family all with larger flowers and many more petals].

The petals have some similarities to those of : Witch-Hazels in that they are few in number, yellow and very long, narrow and curved.

Very slight resemblance to : Wolf's-bane (Aconitum napellus) but that has totally different pale-yellow flowers in a spike and differing leaves and belongs to the Buttercup Family (Ranuculaceae).

Uniquely identifiable characteristics

Distinguishing Feature :

You are much more likely to find this growing in a garden than growing wild, for it is only found in 3 or 4 hectads in the UK. It escapes into the wild and is to be found in some damp places or in woods.


  Ligularia dentata  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Asteraceae  

Distribution
 family8Daisy & Dandelion family8Asteraceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Ligularia
Ligularia
(Leopardplants)

LEOPARDPLANT

Ligularia dentata

Daisy & Dandelion Family [Asteraceae]