SOUTHERN MARSH ORCHID

Dactylorhiza praetermissa

Formerly: Orchis praetermissa
Orchid Family [Orchidaceae]  

month8May month8jun month8june month8jul month8july

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8bicolour
flower
flower8purple
inner
inner8white
morph
morph8zygo
petals
petalsZ2
type
typeZspiked
type
typeZspurred
stem
stem8round
stem
stem8hollow

22nd June 2007, Patricroft, Bridgewater canal, Manchester. Photo: © RWD


22nd June 2007, Patricroft, Bridgewater canal, Manchester. Photo: © RWD


22nd June 2007, Patricroft, Bridgewater canal, Manchester. Photo: © RWD


22nd June 2007, Patricroft, Bridgewater canal, Manchester. Photo: © RWD


22nd June 2007, Patricroft, Bridgewater canal, Manchester. Photo: © RWD


22nd June 2007, Patricroft, Bridgewater canal, Manchester. Photo: © RWD


LEOPARD ORCHID


Dactylorhiza praetermissa ssp. junialis

13th June 2010, Photo: © Phillip Bagshaw
The specimen here has well-rounded lobes, the central one only slightly longer than the two side-lobes.


13th June 2010, Photo: © Phillip Bagshaw
Well-rounded lower lobes with two faint discontinuously-dotted double loops in a darker shade of pink.


13th June 2010, Photo: © Phillip Bagshaw
A robust plant with ridged stem and several narrow lanceolate leaves peeling off it.


13th June 2010, Photo: © Phillip Bagshaw
The leaves are spotted like the Spotted Orchids, the spots often extending horizontally into bands.


Often hybridises with :

  • Common Spotted Orchid (Dactylorhiza fuchsii) to produce Dactylorhiza × grandis likely the commonest hybrid in Southern Britain.
  • Heath Spotted Orchid (Dactylorhiza maculata) to produce Dactylorhiza × hallii much rarer than D. × grandis.
  • (Early Marsh Orchid) (Dactylorhiza incarnata) to produce Dactylorhiza × wintoni which is scattered from Southern Britain up into South and North Lancashire.
  • (Northern Marsh Orchid) (Dactylorhiza purpurella) to produce Dactylorhiza × insignis seen in Cardiganshire and Merioneth, but probably occurs elsewhere where the two parents overlap.
  • (Narrow-leaved Marsh Orchid) (Dactylorhiza traunsteinerioides) to produce a hybrid lacking an alias. Found only in West Norfolk and Cambs.
  • (Fragrant Orchid) (Gymnadenia conopsea) to produce the inter-genera hybrid X Dactylodenia heinzeliana which is scattered throughout the UK.

It is thought that the sub-species junialis, which occurs not infrequently in south-west England, could be a hybrid between Southern Marsh Orchid and Common Spotted Orchid, but the jury is still out pending more work on their true identity. They have the moniker Leopard Orchid on account of the spots or stripes on their leaves.

Distinguishing Feature :

The stems are hollow which can be tested by a gentle squeeze.


  Dactylorhiza praetermissa  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Orchidaceae  

Distribution
family8Orchid family8Orchidacaea

 BSBI maps
genus8Dactylorhiza
Dactylorhiza
(Marsh Orchids)

SOUTHERN MARSH ORCHID

Dactylorhiza praetermissa

Formerly: Orchis praetermissa
Orchid Family [Orchidaceae]  

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