SCOTTISH PRIMROSE

Primula scotica

Primrose Family [Primulaceae]  

month8May month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8Aug

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8purple
inner
inner8yellow
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZ5
stem
stem8round
rarity
rarityZscarce

3rd Aug 2006, Mainland Orkney, Scotland Photo: © Sue Parsons
With 5p coin for size comparison.


3rd Aug 2006, Mainland Orkney, Scotland Photo: © Sue Parsons


Some similarities to : Bird's-eye Primrose but that is much taller and has larger flowers than does Scottish Primrose.

Scottish Primrose grows nowhere else in the World apart from a few places on the north east coast of Scotland, and is very rare inland. Its flowers are a deeper shade of pink/purple than Bird's-eye Primrose, with a central eye that is also a deeper shade of yellow.

It grows on only short coastal turf or sand dunes.

Unusually, it has two flowering periods, May to mid June, and late July to August, but does not flower between late June to early July. Or that is what used to be said of it, but botanist Peter Llewellyn has seen thousands in flower on Orkney during that 'forbidden' mid June to mid July period of 2011. Peter does not know if what he saw in very late June 2011 was a part of the first flowering or of the second flowering. The flower does indeed have two periods in the year when it flowers, but clearly there is a lot of overlap in the exact timing of those periods, probably depending upon the preceding weather and the slow-changing climate.

The increasing global temperature of recent years (particularly in this last year (2015/2016) where record temperatures have been repeatedly broken month after month) is very likely responsible for this deviation from the measured norm of yesteryear. That and the ever increasing sea-temperatures, especially around the poles (which will influence the sea temperatures around the northern Scottish Isles) where temperatures have increased at a rate well above the global average. Sea ice is now melting at un-precedented rates. Scottish Primrose is never very far from the sea, growing as it does on short coastal turf or sand dunes, so will likely be influenced by higher sea temperatures around that area.


  Primula scotica  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Primulaceae  

Distribution
family8Primrose family8Primulacaea

 BSBI maps
genus8Primula
Primula
(Primroses)

SCOTTISH PRIMROSE

Primula scotica

Primrose Family [Primulaceae]  

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