categoryZClimbers Climbers List 

MARTIN'S RAMPING-FUMITORY

Fumaria reuteri

(Formerly: Fumaria martinii)
Poppy Family [Papaveraceae]

month8may month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8aug month8sep month8sept month8oct

category
category8Climbers
status
statusZneophyte
flower
flower8pink
flower
flower8white
flower
flower8red
inner
inner8black

morph
morph8zygo
 
petals
petalsZ4
 
type
typeZspiked
 
type
typeZtubular
 
type
typeZspurred
 
stem
stem8angular
 
stem
stem8ribbed
 
toxicity
toxicityZmedium
 
rarity
rarityZrare
Not Native
sex
sexZbisexual
 

Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Mike Cotterill
One of the robust Fumitories which is low-growing but only rarely climbs. It is a neophyte, not native to the UK, but rather introduced here after AD1500.


Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Mike Cotterill
The stems are robust, branched from the base and square lower down (but so too are many other Fumitories).


Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
Showing the leaves.


Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Mike Cotterill
An abrupt change in diameter for the stem atop a more robust stem, both square. The leaflets have round stems.


Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
The flowering racemes are long and lax-flowered, having between 8 and 20 flowers (sometimes up to 25). The flower stalks themselves are very short.


Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
The bright rose-pink flowers themselves are 11 to 13mm long (10 to 14mm max). The wings of the upper petals are blackish-red, as are the tips of the lateral petals. The lower petal is narrow and canoe-shaped, mostly curling downwards and is slightly longer than the the upper petals.


Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
The two sepals, one on each side of the flower, looking like shields, are oval, sometimes slightly toothed at the base are between 3 to 5mm long, and between 2 to 2.5mm wide (up to 1.5 to 3mm wide on occasion) - being narrower than the corolla tube.


20th Sept 2019, Isle of Wight. Photo: © Dawn Nelson
Another specimen, not as pink as those above.


20th Sept 2019, Isle of Wight. Photo: © Dawn Nelson
The bracts at the junction of the fruit stalk with stem are between half to two-thirds as long as the stalks of the fruit (when in fruit) [they must therefore change length when the fruit is growing - probably getting longer].


20th Sept 2019, Isle of Wight. Photo: © Dawn Nelson
The fruits themselves are between 2.2 to 2.7mm long and 2.0 to 2.5mm wide. They are somewhere between ovate to nearly round, mostly smooth, and with a tiny pit at the extremity. Some of the fruiting stalks have the white oval sepals still attached near their ends.
The flower stalks, which arched downwards when the flowers were at their ripe stage, start straightening up again when in fruit.






A HERBARIUM SPECIMEN

Where neither the flowers [being here clustered together (rather than spaced out)] nor the fruits [being here parallel to the stem (rather than at right-angles and drooping downwards)] are representative of their alive and kicking real-world stance
 Mutations Menu

Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone


Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
Leaflets of leaves.


Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
Obverse of leaflets. A main stem, decidedly square, with reddish corners.


Freshwater Bay, Isle of Wight Photo: (CC by 2.0) Geoff Toone
The leaves have reddened acuminate tips.


Not to be semantically confused with : St Martin's Buttercup (Ranunculus marginatus) [a plant with similar name belonging to a differing family] nor with Round-Headed Rampion (Phyteuma orbiculare), Oxford Rampion (Phyteuma scheuchzeri) or Spiked Rampion (Phyteuma spicatum) for much the same reason.

Easily mis-identified as : several other species of Fumitory.


  Fumaria reuteri  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Papaveraceae  

Distribution
 family8Poppy family8Papaveraceae
 BSBI maps
genus8Fumaria
Fumaria
(Fumitories)

MARTIN'S RAMPING-FUMITORY

Fumaria reuteri

(Formerly: Fumaria martinii)
Poppy Family [Papaveraceae]