ROCK SAMPHIRE

Crithmum maritimum

Carrot Family [Apiaceae]  

month8jul month8july month8Aug month8sep month8sept

status
statusZnative
 
flower
flower8green
 
inner
inner8cream
 
morph
morph8actino
 
petals
petalsZ5
 
type
typeZclustered
 
type
typeZumbel
 
stem
stem8round
 
smell
smell8polish
polish

19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD


22nd Aug 2007, Conway/Llandudno coast, North Wales. Photo: © RWD


19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD


19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD


22nd Aug 2007, Conway/Llandudno coast, North Wales. Photo: © RWD


19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD


19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD


19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD


19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD


22nd Aug 2007, Conway/Llandudno coast, North Wales. Photo: © RWD


22nd Aug 2007, Conway/Llandudno coast, North Wales. Photo: © RWD


19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
The tips of the thick succullent leaves tend to redden.


19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
The leaves are glaucous.


19th July, (North) Walney Island, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
The tips of the thick succullent leaves tend to redden.


Uniquely identifiable characteristics : A greeny yellowish very fleshy umbellifer growing on rock faces and cliffs by the seaside.

Distinguishing Feature : Smells like shoe or furniture polish when crushed, although some report a citrus type odour.

In times past it was once used for pickling, and like glasswort, the spicy and salty succullent stems can be eaten raw as a snack. Or they can be boiled and eaten with butter like asparagus. The seed pods are used to flavour sauces, or can be pickled as can the green shoots.

No relation to : Marsh Samphire or Long Spiked Glasswort [a plant with similar name] which is a Glasswort (Long Spiked Glasswort) belonging to the Goosefoot Family.

Rock Samphire is the only member of the Crithmum Genus (at least in the UK).

The coastal shingle plants Sea Kale (Crambe maritima) Yellow-hormed Poppy (Glaucium flavum) and Rock Samphire (Crithmum maritimum) are thermophilous, growing well and increasing in numbers with warmer summers.

Rock Samphire contains the poisonous phenylpropanoid Apiole, or Apiol, which is related to Eugenol. It is also found in Parsley, the arbortifacient properties of which are partly due to Apiole, which is cytotoxic in higher doses. It has been used medicinally for menstrual problems, and in the Middle Ages to aid abortion. In higher doses it can cause liver and kidney damage.


  Crithmum maritimum  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Apiaceae  

Distribution
family8Carrot family8Umbelliferae  family8Apiaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Crithmum
Crithmum

ROCK SAMPHIRE

Crithmum maritimum

Carrot Family [Apiaceae]  

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