ENGLISH SCURVYGRASS

Cochlearia anglica

Cabbage Family [Brassicaceae]

month8apr month8april month8may

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8white
inner
inner8green
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZ4
type
typeZclustered
stem
stem8round

20th April 2011, Southport, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Usually the tallest Scurvygrass, standing upright up to 40 cm, but Common Scurvygrass can exceed that height on occasion by 20cm.


20th April 2011, Southport, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Flowers white, petals quite long. Sepals, numbering four, are highly curved and turning from green to brown. Stems ridged.


20th April 2011, Southport, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Generally the largest flowered Scurvygrass, flowers between 10mm to 16mm across.


20th April 2011, Southport, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Four long white petals surrounding six stamens with creamy yellow pollen.


20th April 2011, Southport, Lancs. Photo: © RWD


20th April 2011, Southport, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Oval sepals hemi-spherically cupped, and interleaved at 45° with the petals.


20th April 2011, Southport, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Fruit is ovoid, with a neck onto the stem.


20th April 2011, Southport, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Stem leaves are coarsely toothed.


Easily confused with : Common Scurvygrass

Hybridises with : Common Scurvygrass (Cochlearia officinalis) to become Cochlearia × hollandica.

Some similarities to : other Brassicas.

Not to be confused with : Grass Of Parnassus, Sea Arrow-grass, Marsh Arrow-grass, Sparrowgrass, Eelgrass, Yellow-Eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass, Grass Poly, Grass-leaved Orache, Grass-wrack Pondweed or Grass [plants with similar names].

Habitat: muddy shores and estuaries. It is salt-tolerant but does not inhabit motorway verges like Danish Scurvygrass, another salt-tolerant species.

Scurvygrasses in general have the ability to tolerate normally high salinity in the soil. It is thus a coloniser of salt-marshes and road-sides where salt has been sprayed onto roads to melt snow and ice.

English Scurvygrass is a Metallophyte able to sequester some heavy metals.


  Cochlearia anglica  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Brassicaceae  

Distribution
 family8Cabbage family8Brassicaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Cochlearia
Cochlearia
(Scurvygrasses)

ENGLISH SCURVYGRASS

Cochlearia anglica

Cabbage Family [Brassicaceae]

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