GARDEN SOLOMON'S-SEAL

Polygonatum × hybridum

Asparagus Family [Asparagaceae]

month8may month8jun month8june

Berries: berryZpossible        berryZgreen berryZyellow berryZbluish berryZblack  (poisonous, astringent)
berry8aug berry8sep berry8sept berry8oct berry8nov berry8dec

status
statusZneophyte
flower
flower8white
inner
inner8cream
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZ6
type
typeZspiked
type
typeZtubular
stem
stem8round
toxicity
toxicityZmedium

23rd April 2017, back gardens of Dunham Massey Pk, Cheshire. Photo: © RWD
Being a hybrid this is more robust and spreads with more vigour than do other Solomon's-Seals.


23rd April 2017, back gardens of Dunham Massey Pk, Cheshire. Photo: © RWD
Like most Solomon's-seals (except Whorled Solomon's-Seal) it grows erect then arches over nearer the top. Tallest of all Solomon's-Seals at 1m high; the rest get no taller than 80cm (and Angular Solomon's-Seal only 40cm).


8th May 2009, a fell roadside, Coniston, Cumbria Photo: © RWD
By far the most common Solomon's-Seal. Flowers dangle in bunches of between 1 to 6 [the same wide tolerance as 'common' Solomon's-seal (Polygonatum multiflorum)] per leaf axil (on the arching upper part of the stem). (Whorled Solomon's-Seal have 1-4 flowers at leaf-axils, Angular Solomon's-Seal only 1-2).


23rd April 2017, back gardens of Dunham Massey Pk, Cheshire. Photo: © RWD


8th May 2009, a fell roadside, Coniston, Cumbria Photo: © RWD


23rd April 2017, back gardens of Dunham Massey Pk, Cheshire. Photo: © RWD


23rd April 2017, back gardens of Dunham Massey Pk, Cheshire. Photo: © RWD


23rd April 2017, back gardens of Dunham Massey Pk, Cheshire. Photo: © RWD


23rd April 2017, back gardens of Dunham Massey Pk, Cheshire. Photo: © RWD


The Genus name of Solomon's-seals, Polygonatum can easily be misinterpreted as Polygonum which is the genus name of Knotgrasses such as Ray's Knotgrass (Polygonum oxyspermum).

It is the Hybrid between : Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum multiflorum) and Angular Solomon's-Seal (Polygonatum odoratum), all three of which are grown in gardens, but only Garden Solomon's-seal is non-native, the rest are natives with Whorled Solomon's-seal (Polygonatum verticillatum) being the very rare [RRR], Angular Solomon's-Seal (Polygonatum odoratum) being the pretty rare [R] and Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum multiflorum) a slightly rare [R]

As a Solomon's-seal species - it has uniquely identifiable characteristics, but differentiating between species requires careful observation.

Most solomon's-Seals produce berries, but Garden Solomon's-Seal, being a hybrid between Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum multiflorum) and Angular Solomon's-Seal (Polygonatum odoratum) is sterile and only rarely produces a berry, which are infertile and much smaller than those on other Solomon's-Seals.

Garden Solomon's-seal occurs in the wild as a garden throw-out and is much the more commonest species of Solomon's-seal to be found growing in the wild as a result. However, the other native Solomon's-seals are also grown in gardens, so 'growing in a garden' cannot be used to identify Garden Solomon's-seal.


  Polygonatum x hybridum  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Asparagaceae  

Distribution
 family8Asparagus family8Asparagaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Polygonatum
Polygonatum
(Solomon's-Seals)

GARDEN SOLOMON'S-SEAL

Polygonatum × hybridum

Asparagus Family [Asparagaceae]