SOLOMON'S-SEAL

SOLOMON'S SEAL

Polygonatum multiflorum

Asparagus Family [Asparagaceae]

month8may month8jun month8june

Berries: berryZpossible        berryZgreen berryZyellow berryZbluish berryZblack  (poisonous, astringent)
berry8aug berry8sep berry8sept berry8oct berry8nov berry8dec

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8white
inner
inner8green
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZ6
type
typeZtubular
stem
stem8round
toxicity
toxicityZmedium
rarity
rarityZuncommon

14th May 2010, ancient woodland, Honeybee Wood, Bridgsteer Photo: © RWD
An un-branched arching plant from 30-80cm high.


14th May 2010, ancient woodland, Honeybee Wood, Bridgsteer Photo: © RWD
Has small clusters (from 2 to 4, only occasionally 1-6) of tubular flowers.


14th May 2010, ancient woodland, Honeybee Wood, Bridgsteer Photo: © RWD
Has leafy stems.


14th May 2010, ancient woodland, Honeybee Wood, Bridgsteer Photo: © RWD
The stems are round with a small cluster of flowers on drooping stalks emanating from the leaf axils.


14th May 2010, ancient woodland, Honeybee Wood, Bridgsteer Photo: © RWD
The tubular flowers are distinctly waisted in the middle (unlike Angular Solomon's-Seal where they are slightly barrel-shaped, and with only 1 (maximum 2) flowers in each leaf-axil).


14th May 2010, ancient woodland, Honeybee Wood, Bridgsteer Photo: © RWD
Leafy stems. Leaves alternately opposite, elliptical and in a ladder formation (as they are on all the various Solomon's-seals except the very rare Whorled Solomon's-seal)


The Genus name of Solomon's-seals, Polygonatum can easily be misinterpreted as Polygonum which is the genus name of Knotgrasses such as Ray's Knotgrass (Polygonum oxyspermum).

No relation to : Solomon's Mines.

Easily mistaken for : other species of Solomon's-seal

Hybridizes with : Angular Solomon's-Seal (Polygonatum odoratum) to produce Garden Solomon's-Seal (Polygonatum × hybridum) which is an introduced and naturalised non-native plant grown in gardens. However, the other native Solomon's-seals are also grown in gardens, so 'growing in a garden' cannot be used to identify Garden Solomon's-seal.

As a Solomon's-seal species - it has uniquely identifiable characteristics, but differentiating between species requires careful observation.

It grows in ancient woodlands, usually on limestone or chalk, but is more ubiquitous as a garden escapee. It has rounded stemsand flowers in small groups (2-4, but up to 1-6), has drooping flowers which are narrower in the centre and unlike Angular Solomon's-Seal is not scented. The filaments (which are within the tubular flower and have anthers atached to the ends) are sparsely hairy (as opposed to glabrous for Angular Solomon's-Seal).


  Polygonatum multiflorum  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Asparagaceae  

Distribution
 family8Asparagus family8Asparagaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Polygonatum
Polygonatum
(Solomon's-Seals)

SOLOMON'S-SEAL

SOLOMON'S SEAL

Polygonatum multiflorum

Asparagus Family [Asparagaceae]