ANNUAL TOADFLAX

SPURRED SNAPDRAGON

Linaria maroccana

Plantain Family [Plantaginaceae]
(Formerly in: Figwort & Foxglove Family [Scrophulariaceae])

month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8aug

status
statusZcasual
 
flower
flower8bicolour
 
flower
flower8purple
 
flower
flower8mauve
 
flower
flower8red
 
flower
flower8pink
 
inner
inner8yellow
 
inner
inner8white
 
morph
morph8zygo
 
petals
petalsZ2 petalsZ5
2 (5)
type
typeZspurred
 
stem
stem8round
 

13th July 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Unless the Author is mistaken, the next five photos are of Annual Toadflax in the early bud stage. If anyone disagrees, please write to me. The 6th photo onwards definitely are Annual Toadflax.


13th July 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The five narrow and pointed sepals are barely discernible. The leaves are typically those of the Toadflax Family; narrow linear.


13th July 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The cluster of flowers start at more or less the same height, but as the plant grows, some must get left further down the stem.


13th July 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Sepals most visible on the bud at far left.


13th July 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The plant is fairly short, less than 20cm fully grown. Leaves narrow linear,


13th July 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Several flowers fully open. The five narrow pointed sepals splay out beneath. A prominent and long spur sticks down well below the flower.


13th July 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The colour of the flowers is variable; some may be mainly purple with yellow, as here, but others could just as easily be mauve, red or pink with white.


13th July 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The flower is zygomorphic, with bi-lateral symmetry. There are two lips, an upper and a lower. the upper has two long lobes sticking up as if signalling. The lower has three shorter lobes, and a central bulge that is often of a differing colour, here yellow.


13th July 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Walkden, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Several yet to open flowers are bunched together.


Can be mistaken for : Snapdragon but this has two long upright upper lobes, and an enormously long conspicuous spur.

No relation to : Toad Rush nor to Flaxes such as Cultivated Flax (Linum usitatissimum) [plants with similar names belonging to differing families].

This is a short annual belonging to the Toadflax Genus and which looks similar to Snapdragon. Mainly a garden plant which originally came from Morocco, it escapes and is a frequent casual on waste tips and waste lands, but seldom persists.


  Linaria maroccana  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Plantaginaceae  

Distribution
 family8Plantain family8Plantaginaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Linaria
Linaria
(Toadflaxes)

ANNUAL TOADFLAX

SPURRED SNAPDRAGON

Linaria maroccana

Plantain Family [Plantaginaceae]

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