PALE TOADFLAX

Linaria repens

Plantain Family [Plantaginaceae]

month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8aug month8sep month8sept

status
statusZarchaeophyte
flower
flower8white
inner
inner8azure inner8blue inner8grey
inner
inner8yellow
morph
morph8zygo
petals
petalsZ2
type
typeZspurred
stem
stem8round

31st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Somewhat straggly and un-tidy with a mass of narrow leaves.


21st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Up to 80cm tall, with a few long and narrow leaves all along the stem, with pale coloured toad-flax shaped flowers near the top.


21st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Likes walls, dry bare ground, grassy or waste places.


31st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Viewed from above.


21st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Flowers have three white, rounded, lower lobes and two rounded upright lilac upper lobes with purple veins. There is a central nick that it has a splash of egg-yolk yellow.


5th Sept 2011, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Flowers congregate at top.


21st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
A dull-coloured spur largely hidden descends a short distance behind the flower.


17th July 2015, a wall, Glenridding, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
The yolky centre has a few hairs.


31st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The spur on the flower is very short in comparison to that of Common Toadflax and whitish-green.


17th July 2015, a wall, Glenridding, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Wearing pin-stripe suits. The yellow is on the inside of the 'tube', the purple stripes on the outside. Note the claw-like sepals.


17th July 2015, a wall, Glenridding, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Claw-like sepals.


17th July 2015, a wall, Glenridding, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Flowers at various stages the process of growing and opening at the summit.


21st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Narrow lanceolate leaves very like those of Purple Toadflax, but perhaps not as prolific


21st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Leaves are in whorls of 2 to 5 up the stem, progresssing irregularly from five near the base to two nearer the top.


21st Aug 2010, near Portland Basin, Ashton canal, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Fruits are irregular containing four? seeds. Stem round, as shown by broken stem.


No relation to : Flaxes such as Cultivated Flax (Linum usitatissimum) [plants with similar names belonging to differing families].

Hybridises with : Purple Toadflax, (Linaria purpurea) to produce Linaria × dominii which is fertile and is able to spread into localised gatherings, but requires the localised presence of the two parents.

Some similarities to : other Toadflaxes, but flowers larger than those of Purple Toadflax and smaller than those of Common Toadflax. The spur behind the flower is very short in comparison to that of Common Toadflax.

The flowers of toadflaxes are said to resemble a toads mouth, hence the name. because toadflaxes are mildly poisonous to livestock, these are regarded as toxic weeds. [However, the author has been un-successful at finding the identity of any poisonous substances within them apart from 'mildly poisonous glycosides']. In America Linaria species are invasive species.


  Linaria repens  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Plantaginaceae  

Distribution
 family8Plantain family8Plantaginaceae

 BSBI maps
genus8Linaria
Linaria
(Toadflaxes)

PALE TOADFLAX

Linaria repens

Plantain Family [Plantaginaceae]

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