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BREAD WHEAT

Triticum aestivum

Grasses Family [Poaceae]

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status
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type
typeZclustered
type
typeZspiked
stem
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stem
stem8hollow

25th July 2013, Roose, Dalton-in-Furness, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Cultivated wheat growing in a farmers field up to 1.5m tall.


25th July 2013, Roose, Dalton-in-Furness, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Unripe wheat. Lemmas mostly awnless.


25th July 2013, Roose, Dalton-in-Furness, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Ripening wheat straw-coloured.


25th July 2013, Roose, Dalton-in-Furness, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Seemingly clustered stem with glumes and lemmas surrounding the stem. The glumes (outer parchment of lemmas) is strongly keeled (bent) in the upper half. Any awns (long thin fibres coming out of the tops of the lemmas) on these specimens, can be up to 16mm or absent altogether as here.


25th July 2013, Roose, Dalton-in-Furness, Cumbria. Photo: © RWD
Glumes most apparent underneath each lemma and somewhat separate from the lemma.


Easily mistaken for : Six-row Barley (Hordeum vulgare) but that has very long awns up to 2.5 times longer than the flowering spike. No relation to : Common Cow-wheat or other Cow-wheats nor to Buckwheat [plants with similar names belonging to differing families].

The cultivated varieties can escape into the wild. Distributed almost all over except the east Midlands and Yorkshire and Cumbria and most of Scotland. High incidence in the Home Counties.

Bread Wheat is used to make bread both in the UK and in many other parts of the World, but the outer glumes and lemma coverings (chaff) is usually eliminated from the grain except in those cases where the whole grain (with roughage) is used.


  Triticum aestivum  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Poaceae  

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Triticum
(Grasses)

BREAD WHEAT

Triticum aestivum

Grasses Family [Poaceae]