This list is a list of elements which occur in plants for beneficial reasons, rather than including other elements which can exist in plants but which either seem to serve no beneficial purpose whatsoever or which are harmful to the plant. Many of the more exotic elements unexpectedly found in plants (such as some transition elements) are beneficial (sometimes essential) only in trace amounts but toxic in excess.

Thus heavy metals which occur in metallophytes are not included in this list, because the plant will invariably grow better without them! For a list of detrimental metals occurring in metallophytes, see Thrift. But there may be a little bit of overlap between some essential elements and metallophytic elements.

Any radioactive elements in the soil are likely to increase the rate of variation and of evolution; they are likely responsible for at least some part of variation and speciation over the aeons which some of the radioactive isotopes have been in the soil (some radioactive isotopes have very long lifetimes; others with much shorter halflives are replenished by the radioactive decay of those radioctive isotopes with much longer halflives).

[For info on radioactive isotopes (and much more) readers are directed to one of your Authors' other websites:   Info for Isotopes].

Z=1  Hydrogen Z=3  Lithium Z=11  Sodium Z=19  Potassium Z=37 Rubidium Z=55  Caesium Z=87  Francium Z=4  Beryllium Z=12  Magnesium Z=20  Calcium Z=38  Strontium Z=56  Barium Z=88  Radium Z=21  Scandium Z=39  Yttrium Z=57  Lanthanum Z=89  Actinium Z=22  Titanium Z=40  Zirconium Z=72  Hafnium Z=104  Rutherfordium Z=58  Cerium Z=90  Thorium Z=23  Vanadium Z=41  Nobelium Z=73  Tantalum Z=105  Dubnium Z=59  Praseodymium Z=91  Protactinium Z=24  Chromium Z=42  Molybdenum Z=74  Tungsten Z=106  Seaborgium Z=60  Neodymium Z=92  Uranium Z=25  Manganese Z=43  Technetium Z=75  Rhenium Z=107  Bohrium Z=61  Promethium Z=93  Neptunium Z=26  Iron Z=44  Ruthenium Z=76  Osmium Z=108  Hassium Z=62  Samarium Z=94  Plutonium Z=27  Cobalt Z=45  Rhodium Z=77  Iridium Z=109  Meitnerium Z=63  Europium Z=95  Americium Z=28  Nickel Z=46  Palladium Z=78  Platinum Z=110 Darmstatium Z=64  Gadolinium Z=96  Curium Z=29  Copper Z=47  Silver Z=79  Gold Z=111 Roentgenium Z=65  Terbium Z=97  Berkelium Z=30  Zinc Z=48  Cadmium Z=80  Mercury Z=112 Copernicium Z=66  Dysprosium Z=98 Californium Z=5  Boron Z=13  Aluminium Z=31  Gallium Z=49  Indium Z=81  Thallium Z=113 Nihonium Z=67  Holmium Z=99  Einsteinium Z=6  Carbon Z=14  Silicon Z=32 Germanium Z=50  Tin Z=82  Lead Z=114 Flerovium Z=68  Erbium Z=100  Fermium Z=7  Nitrogen Z=15  Phosphorus Z=33  Arsenic Z=51  Antimony Z=83  Bismuth Z=115 Moscovium Z=69  Thulium Z=101  Mendelevium Z=8  Oxygen Z=16  Sulfur Z=34  Selenium Z=52  Tellurium Z=84  Polonium Z=116 Livermorium Z=70  Ytterbium Z=102  Nobelium Z=9  Fluorine Z=17  Chlorine Z=35  Bromine Z=53  Iodine Z=85  Astatine Z=117 Tennessine Z=71  Lutetium Z=103  Lawrencium Z=2  Helium Z=10  Neon Z=18  Argon Z=36  Krypton Z=54  Xenon Z=86  Radon Z=118 Oganesson Z=

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Vanadium readily forms large complexes which invariably possess catalytic and enzymitic properties in many organisms from plants to fungi, lichens and cyanobacteria. Vanadium is responsible for incorporating atoms of either bromine or chlorine into many marine species, forming organochlorides and organobromides, and is actually responsible for the production of most naturally occurring organobromine compounds to be found (mostly in species living in the Worlds oceans). Vanadium complexes are also involved in some nitrogen-fixing micro-organisms, especially in the Azotobacter family of micro-organisms (such as those within Water Fern (Azolla filiculoides, an unusual nitrogen-fixating plant). In the role of Nitrogen Fixation vanadium replaces the more commonly utilised molybdenum or iron nitrogenases.


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