Besides new flower pages, the Wild Flower Finder website is being extended in other ways. This page shows what else is new. It is also a reminder to the Author of where he's up to, and what he is still working on, lest he forget~

6th Dec 2019

Entered 'Sterile' as an icon and a sex property of the flowers.

31st May 2019

For some reason about 30 new flower entries (using !WFF version 126) were found not to be working correctly when clicking on the 'BSBI map' text of the BSBI distribution map.


BSBI maps

The error occured only if you clicked the 'BSBI maps' link, and not if you clicked on 'Distribution' or on the map of the UK itself.

This was because, for some reason, I had editted this part, which made two links instead of one; and that 'BSBI map' link was going to BSBI's old web address! The error message, if you clicked on 'BSBI map', said 'This Connection Is Not Private' This website may be impersonating www.bsbi.org.uk to steal your personal or financial information. You should go back to the previous page.'

That is what it said. Anyway, dear user, rest assured, I was not doing anything of a sort. I wouldn't know how anyway!

This errant behaviour has now been fixed, both on the 30 website pages so affected, and in the !WFF program which generates the pages and was incorrectly editted by me (although I don't know how I came to do this - but editting it is not in the least straightforward).

28th March 2019


For some reason for the last 3 years the FreeFind indexing procedure was failing to incorporate some flowers into its data index, which meant they did not appear in the List generated by FreeFind after a Search.

Free Find themselves found the answer - it was found to be due to the speed of indexing being set too high on Free Finds' settings for all the flowers to be included in the list. I have now set the speed of indexing to 'slow'. It takes upwards of 4 hours to fully index the whole website now, but at least it now finds and indexes all the flower pages (and some other useful pages as well - but the Subject Index is not indexed - for obvious reasons (i.e. use the Subject Index as an index for the Subject Index). So all searches for existing flower pages should now work, with none strangely missing/absent from the search list. Mushrooms and Butterflies are not indexed - they aren't flowers...

20th Feb 2019


I have added a new input entry to !WFF program which makes new flower pages.

This is an entry for any former binomial name by which the plant was previously known. It can be left blank if there isn't (yet...) one!

Stace IV just came out and there have been many recent binomial plant name changes where the new names will need entering into both the Flower Page and the Subject index. The old name will need relegating to 'Former Latin Name' [Just leave the older latin name in the Subject Index - then people can find it under either].

This is for any new botanical name changes that have come in just recently. [I will have to go back retrospectively to fill in the names of any Flower Pages where either the old name has not been entered or a new name has not been filled in (into either/both the Flower Page itself and into the Subject index).

30th April 2018


Added another Flowers/Z/Z_ElementsInPlants/Z directory, that of 'ELEMENTS IN PLANTS'.

It is about the chemistry of both the usual and unusual chemical elements to be found in plants which are beneficial to the plant (as opposed to unwanted and harmful elements which might also be found in some plants - although I suppose I should also list those as well. OK, I will - although the difference between beneficial and harmful is often one of dose - many of the unusual elements are only beneficial and required in very low doses!!).

20th Feb 2018


[As of today; it grows bigger as I water it]

Total Size: 1.22GB

Flowers: 1,086

Subject Index: 760kB

Number of files: 21,802
      of which:
      JPEGS: 14,071
      HTML: 4,497
      PNG: 2,603
      OTHERS: 634 (this includes BBC BASIC files and a few other types to do with the programs 'wot I wrote' to help me build this website)

The above counts were done on 20th Feb 2018.

The counts below here were done on 26 Dec 2018.

Hints on counting the number of flower entries in any file:
1) Put the file in !Zap.
2) Press f7 (search), enter part of the line which only occurs for lines with flowers
[Such as '<dt>' to count all entries in the Subject Index (=7109 [in 781kB] on 26 Dec 2018) or '#b9bbff' to count flower-only enties in 'NEW' (=1140 [in 155kB] on 26 Dec 2018)
or'#b9bbff' to count structural formulae enties in 'StructuralFormulae' (=2452 [in 393kB] on 26 Dec 2018)
3) click mouse on 'couNt' at the top.
4) Hey presto!

23rd January 2018

I altered the colour of the viewed links of (only some) of those html files in the Miscellaneous_Info directory:

I searched, /only/ in the Miscellaneous_Info directory, for those HTML files which have the following line:
a:visited { color: #111155 }
and replaced that line with this one:
a:visited { color: #881111 }

Which means that any links clicked on in those pages will not now stay the same colour (!!) but change to brown instead :-) [So you can see which links you have visited before].

[DO NOT DO THIS TO OTHER HTML files with the same 'a:visited color: #111155' unless they too stay the same colour after clicking on them - check it first!!]
[This only affected certain files in the Miscellaneous_Info directory - some used a different colour of ink for text - and I mistakenly forgot to alter those, I only altered the ones which used #111155 (which meant that they previously and erroneously stayed the same colour after being clicked upon... !). Fixed now - they turn brown instead :-) ]

12th January 2018


BSBI map mistakenly crossed out when a distribution map of the plant does actually exist

To find flower pages where the BSBI map icon is (incorrectly) crossed out with a red cross (it happens when I manually enter an spid number, but forget to amend the BSBI map icon !):
Search html files for 'NOT_GB' and look at each flower-page it has found. Some will be correctly crossed out (by using the image, but others might be incorrectly crossed out: i.e. a BSBI map does actually exist (i.e. the 'spid' number is not '0.0'). [The image 'NOT_GB/jpg' is the crossed-out BSBI map; the image 'GB/jpg' is the un-crossed-out BSBI map]

I last did this on 10 Jan 2018, so no need to do it again for a long while (there were only about 10 wrong - mostly I do this when I am writing the flower-page, but I sometimes forget...).

Also search for 'spid=0.0'. If it finds any (and it would be most unusual for it not to find any because some really don't have any BSBI ID code at all, whether the old 'spid' or the new 'taxonid' - in which case they should also have the 'NOT_BSBI' tag somewhere - so then check that this is so) then enter the flower name into BSBIs website and look up the new 'taxonid' number in lieu of the spid number, and insert that. (a href="https://bsbi.org/maps?taxonid=2cd4p9h.6y3qkv" TARGET="_blank") - copy this bit but substitute the taxonid number for the species in question. [Last searched for 'spid=0.0' on 12th March 2019].

N.B. This can also be the cause of the Family paragraph not being filled in with the appropiate family: e.g.
(a href="../../../Menu2/Family/FamilyInfo/Info_.htm" target="index") Family (i)[](/i) (img src="../../../Images/HomeArrow.png" alt="" width="26" height="22" /)(/a) !!
To search for the Family not being filled in then search for '[]' and it will find these too.

To find ALL the flowers in a SEARCH, simply search for 'Wild Flower Finder' (this might be handy for seeing which flowers lack a thumbnail/jpg image). If no image appears on the Search result, look at the flower file - if it has a 'thumbnail/jpg' in it then time-stamp that file and also check that the '
Another way is to search (using !Locate on RiscOS) for *thumbnail* with 'Object Name' setting set to 'is not equal to' and ticking the [Files] box and setting it to OF TYPE = JPEG - but this will not find those with an incorrect '

TO CHECK IF MISSING : The WikiBar Family (in possibly 2 locations)

Search for this line (using '!TextSeek') in !WildFlowers:
target="_blank"> <img src="../../../Images/WikiSmall.png"
and then insert the LatinFamilyName where I have put 'LATINFAMILYNAME' in the below:
target="_blank">LATINFAMILYNAME <img src="../../../Images/WikiSmall.png"

Also search in !WildFlowers (using !TextSeek) for this line:
<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/" target="_blank">
and then insert the same LatinFamilyName like so:
<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LATINFMILYNAME" target="_blank">

[Last checked and corrected 3rd Aug 2018]

TO CHECK IF MISSING : a missing PROPERTY (such as '' or '' In any Flower Page (using !Locate):

Search for this line (using '!Locate') in Flowers:
with TYPE with FILES ticked and set to 'of type' and 'HTML'
with 'Contents' set to File Contents: 'DO NOT INCLUDE' and 'SEX' and with Ignore Case UNTICKED (which will find flowers with missing SEX category - hopefully)

[Don't forget to also insert the sex type of the flower in the file Menu2/Miscellaneous/Sex.htm]

[I haven't done this yet - there are still hundreds of flowers with missing headings from the when I looked on 17th March 2019 - it could take a long time to add what is missing]

TO CHECK IF MISSING : The Latin Family Name in this banner (which should be between the '[]':

Then search for this line:
Family <i>[]</i> <img
And insert the LatinFamilyName like so:
Family <i>[LATINFAMILYNAME]</i> <img

[Last checked and corrected 3rd Aug 2018]

TO CHECK IF MISSING : Either the TaxonID= number or the spid= number [depending whether it links to the new BSBI map numbers (using TaxonID), or the old BSBI map numbers (using spid)]

Then search for this line:
=0.0" TARGET="_blank">

Afterwards, search BSBI maps for that flower either by common name or by binomial name, and note the taxonid number displayed in the browser URL display (of a BSBI map on display).
And replace the line in my website with this line:
<a href="http://bsbi.org/maps?taxonid=2cd4p9h.xxxxxx" TARGET="_blank">
(where xxx is a number which includes all characters up to the '#style' [but not including the '#style'])

Notes: excluding mosses, lichens, galls, vegetables like Kale, etc that really aren't in BSBI maps

[Last checked and corrected 3rd Aug 2018]

TO CHECK IF MISSING : check for those flower pages with a missing thumbnail/jpg

METHOD 1: Use the FreeFind Search function (on iPad/phone) to search for ' - WILD FLOWER FINDER' (which occurs in the header of every page. FreeFind will then list every page it knows about and it will be easy to spot those flowers where the thumbnail is absent. (I only do the thumbnails every now and again, so some will always be missing).

METHOD 2 : ???? Can !Locate do this?

Search (in the Flowers directory) for 'Flower' to find any flower pages with, for instance, 'Flower()' has been mistakenly left in them (once found, then either delete any 'Flower()' which are found, or fill them in with data). [Or for any other word(s) which may have mistakenly been left in]

Notes: there will still be some Flower pages where 'Flower()' has been left in because the flower page is still completely blank; leave those as stet.

[Last checked and corrected: 26 Feb 2020 (when it found about 20 more since I last checked it in Jan 2019).]

13th November 2017

Here is how I should write a program to check that the photo accreditation is correct in the Family Album photos:

1) Write a program to load each Family.FamilyInfo.Info_NAMEDfamily.htm into memory.

2) get it to search the current family page for lines starting with:
    '<img src="'
    Photo: © [photographers name]
Then see if [photographers name] occurs in the line starting with: '<img src="'

and if it doesn't, then print both of those lines on the screen (whilst getting it to ignore all those with 'Photo: © RWD')

4th October 2017

Wrote a new program (well, I botched one up from !IndexDupe), and called it !IndexCheck. It checks the entries in the SubjectIndex.htm file to make sure that all the entries actually are in alphabetical order. This was only done because some historical entries just may have been manually entered in the wrong place (and indeed, it did find about 5 such entries [now corrected]). I should not need to run this often, for !IndexSort now ensures that all new entries are placed in alphanumerical position. And unless, on some strangely constructed entry, that should wrongly place it, then !IndexCheck will surely find it.

5th April 2017

Fed up of manually fixing alphabetical ordering of the exceptions (such as the lists of BERRIES:, WORTS: BANES:, BUTTERFLIES:, MOTHS:, CARNIVOROUS PLANTS:, etc) in the Subject Index (which didn't get alphabetically sorted). So I dispensed with all but the list of HYBRIDS: which I modified such that they would also get alphabetically sorted as well.

I put some of the categories which I deleted from the Subject Index into the menu.htm file, such as WORTS:, BANES: and CARNIVOROUS PLANTS: (BERRIES: is already in there). Thus the list of BUTTERFLIES: and MOTHS: have both gone from the Subject Index, but you can still find them in the MOTHS and BUTTERFLIES section.

Hopefully, this will also fix the random duplication of some entries in the Subject Index that appear from time to time after performing an alphabetical sort on it! I have no idea how it duplicated some entries. Hopefully it doesn't any longer :-)

29th March 2017

To follow up with the 23rd March alterations, it was noticed that some flowers were not sorted in the correct order - so the !MenuSort program was amended so that it correctly sorted flower names ignoring caps/smalls, hyphens -, brackets ()[], single quotes ' and spaces. These modifications were done to 'MenuSort38'.

29th March 2017

To follow up with the 23rd March alterations, the !WFF program needed amending so that the flower-page generated by it reflects those changes in the '<title> flower names blurb </title>' - as near as possible. This new version of !WFF is WFF117.

There will be occasions, depending upon how complex or simple the Flower Names are, when it will get it slightly wrong, and the generated flower-page will need editing slightly within the '<title> flower names blurb </title>'.

23rd March 2017

Spent the last 4 days hand-amending all the Flower Pages.
The <title> Cat's-ear (Smooth) - Wild Flower Finder</title> (to give an example using Smooth Cat'sEar) has been extended to, for instance, using the same example:
Cat's-ear (Smooth) / Smooth CatsEar / Smooth Cats Ear - Wild Flower Finder</title> with differing orders of the flower names and with or without brackets (), apostrophes ' or hyphens -.

I have done this because not only is the text within the <title> brackets </title> brackets printed onto the search results (when using the search function) but it also searches the text within the <title> brackets </title>.

And because the search function is sensitive to brackets (), apostrophes ' and hyphens -, having various searchable combinations without these characters will get better results when using the search function.

(You can also search for the scientific name of the plant. This is because the search function searches all the flower-page. However, if you get the spelling wrong for that, it wont find it - I can't also insert all possible mis-spellings of the scientific names as well, and of all names, the scientific names are incredibly easy to mis-spell...

Hint to users: If the users search fails to find a flower thought to be in the WildFlowerFinder website, try the Subject Index.

I have also had to amend the !WFF program which generates the Flower Page so that it attempts to put these extra searchable flower names inside the <title> brackets </title>. But I will always end up having to edit the flower page within the <title> brackets </title> to add extra ways of finding the flower (using different [and wrong] spellings, etc)

27th Feb 2017

Altered program !WFF to add the following html code for any hybrids:
<li><Q> </Q> (<i> </i>) to produce   ×   which is
<li><Q> </Q> (<i> </i>) to produce   ×   which is
<li><Q> </Q> (<i> </i>) to produce   ×   which is
<li><Q> </Q> (<i> </i>) to produce   ×   which is
<li><Q> </Q> (<i> </i>) to produce   ×   which is

Since it is easier to just delete it if there are no hybrids rather than to write all that lot out by hand if there are ...

29th Jan 2017

Provided a means for the reader of this website to quickly report any errors he/she may find, particularly of any identification errors

8th Nov 2016

Added an extra feature to the Subject Index: an extra index for items starting with a Greek letter, thus a Greek alpha-index α-ω. The way it works is that Greek Letters in HTML are written starting with an ampersand (&) followed by the greek letter written out in full, terminated with a semicolon. This will be very useful for indexing chemicals such as' β-Carotene', etc. But I will also index the same items under 'Carotene (β-)', so that they can be more easily found whichever way they are written. Doing it this way will also ensure that the !CrossRefs program can cross-reference them with hyperlinks on every flower-page which mentions them.

This necessitated slight alterations to the !IndexSort program (in BASIC program '!IndexSort56') so that it will sort items beginning with a Greek Letter into the Greek section of the index (right at the bottom, below the numeric index).

I also took the opportunity to visually enhance the 'SubjectIndex.htm' listing of those entries beginning with a number, by putting headers in : 1 2 3 4 etc - the same as I have done with the greek letters.

27th May 2016

Attempted to produce a 'Botanical to Vernacular Name' list as well as a 'Vernacular to Botanical Name' list based upon the AGPIII system, but the only file available is based upon AGPII. Your Author attempted to update them manually using 'changes from AGPII to AGPIII' list, but unfortunately this list seems to apply to plants from Suffolk only and not from the whole country, so there are an un-known number of AGPII names still lurking within these tables!

The two lists are accessible from the APPendix menu only, at the moment. Where else might I put a link to them?

28th Dec 2015

After running !FamilyGen again to insert a new (to this tome) familiaceae (Clavicipitaceae) and genus in (Claviceps) (for the Ergot page), I realised that I should have amended !FamilyGen to not write links to the old 'bsbilist' maps, but to instead use 'BSBI_Genus_species_MapLinks' to link to the new BSBI maps.

There were a few other alterations I had to do as well because I had previously been 'illegally' manually bulk-editting the 'Menu2.Family.family/htm' files and the 'Menu2.Family.FamilyInfo.Info_family/htm' files (which I should not do unless I also alter the !FamilyGen program that produces new ones !! Silly boy!

The !FamilyGen program is now updated and corrected to fully reflect all these changes.

28th Dec 2015

Wrote another program (well, I hacked the !IndexSort program) to check for duplicate entries in the SubjectIndex.htm file. It does not, unlike !IndexSort itself, write to that file.


Do NOT delete any duplicates in SubjectIndex/htm (you have to do this manually anyway) - without first checking that the Flower Names are the same as well before deleting any entries!

After amending the SubjectIndex.htm file, then Run the program again - it will only then find triplicates (as duplicates)

And after doing all that - you might as well check that those
               (dd) BERRIES etc
are in correct alphabetic order - they are the only items ignored by the alphabetically ordering performed by running !IndexSort
Try searching the SubjectIndex.htm file for : '<dt>*:' - although that will also throw up exceptions

25th May 2015

I have had to re-write the file 'Miscellaneous/Genus.htm' because the BSBI have re-written their website and the links from the file 'Miscellaneous/Genus.htm' to their species list failed to then work - you cannot scroll the list on either a smart phone or a tablet - because the whole screen scrolls instead(!) - meaning you can only see the upper part of any list of species list (!).

So now I have re-written the species list into one that can be scrolled on a smart device. Instead of using the BSBI species list on their server, it now displays a copy of the BSBI species list in the 'index' window of this website, from where you will be able to click on a species in it to go to the corresponding BSBI species map, which will be shown on a completely separate external page as usual. Moreover, un-like the BSBI's own species list, you should be able to select one species map after another without it stalling and you not being able to select any additional species maps...

Instigating this method involved editing the following:

• Every flower page line where 'bsbimaps.org...' occurred - which links to the [BSBI LIST], once externally, now internally.

• Every Info_Family page where 'bsbimaps.org...' occurred - which links to the [BSBI LIST], once externally, now internally. This also includes the occurrences in the Hybrid Charts on the Family_Info page (and also any enlarged Hybrid charts, of which there are several)

• The !WFF program where 'BSBI_Genus_species_MapLinks' occurred

• The !HybridChart program - which only needed the URL to the BSBI LIST altering (which is in the top left hand corner of the chart)

8th March 2015

'Galls and Rusts' now in the Category section, so that it will put up a link to the 'Galls & Rusts' list if you put any photos of Galls on that page, (but no icons are needed for the 'Properties - Category' icons - and therefore none have been drawn)

30th Nov 2014

Adding 'StemLeaves/Perfoliate', plus StemLeaves/Amplexicaul.... [Do what I did for 'Spurred flowers']. !!! I'VE NOT DONE THIS YET ... !!!

29th Nov 2014

Added to !WFF program (version 110) - Flowertype2 flower properties - 'spurred' flowers. Not yet drawn the png icon image for 'spurred' (in 2 sizes). Need to make two copies of the large one, one goes in Stem Leaf Images directory.

14th Nov 2014

Modified !WFF program (version 109) - Whenever a latin plant name is entered that the BSBI list does not recognise, it now puts up the distribution map for the BSBI SPID=0.0 and displays NOT_GB.jpg (the green map of the UK but with a RED CROSS struck through it - which is also new)

[Before this mod, !WFF rather stupidly, inserted the default BSBI SPID number for Ajuga reptans]

28th Aug 2014

Added on to the !CrossRefs program (version 411) the ability to show which flower pages do not have the '
(English Genus Name)' just below the Latin Genus Name.

A check is made to ensure that the Latin Genus Name (that occurs just underneath the icon for the [BSBI LIST] also has underneath that the ENGLISH GENUS NAME. eg:
                             [BSBI LIST]
                             Helleborus - Latin Genus Name
                             (Hellebores) - English Genus Name

At the moment, very few flowers do; they have to be added manually! (Not that it's a game-stopper)

25th May 2014

Added on to the !CrossRefs program (version 410) the ability to show which flower pages lack the 'thumbnail.jpg' file for showing alongside the search results.

At the moment, very few flowers yet have a 90 x 90 pixel thumbnail.jpg file, so this will clutter the output from the !CrossRefs program somewhat for the foreseeable future! Only the Author will see it, though.

Note To Self: if a thumbnail still fails to appear on the live website after it has been indexed by FreeFind, then check the exact spelling of the URL to it (near top of page within a green REM) on the Flower Page in question. This has to be exactly correct.

I can also check which flowers have thumbnails by searching on the live website: Searching for 'Wild Flower Finder' will produce a list of every page with those words on (most of them) showing a thumbnail image before each page (or not, as the case might be...).

7th May 2014

Added <!-- FreeFind image src='http://wildflowerfinder.org.uk/Flowers/S/Sage/thumbnail.jpg' alt='' height='90' width='90' --> to every flower file, so that the FreeFind Search can display a thumbnail.jpg of the flower against every search result.

Also altered !WFF so that newly-created flower pages will also have the requisite code.

All that is left to do now is make the 'thumbnail.jpg' images for every flower page (This could take some time! ....

They should be 90x90 pixels square (I can alter it if needed by editing the above lines).

I can also check which flowers have thumbnails by searching on the live website: Searching for 'Wild Flower Finder' will produce a list of every page with those words on (most of them) showing a thumbnail image before each page (or not, as the case might be...).

18th - 25th Jan 2014

Added a STATUS property, which is searchable.





These five categories show whether the plant is Native or Alien, and anywhere in-between or beyond. A status has been added to each flower, fern, or Clubmoss, when known.

No status has been added to Lichens, Mushrooms, Liverworts, or Mosses (except Clubmosses), Butterflies, Moths because I have yet to find that native status data for these.

20th Jan 2014

Wrote a new BASIC program, a general purpose file processor called !FileProc to help add things, subtract things, re-order items and generally process any given file. On this occasion it was given the task of splitting a column of a csv file into two columns at a specific place in that column. Then to add html parts to that csv file until it was a html file that could be used as a status menu within WildFlowerFinder.

It will come in handy for whatever else might need doing that is difficult or impossible to accomplish using either a traditional text editor, HTML editor or CSV editor.

Although general purpose, it requires special commands adding for each unique task. So maybe 'universal text editor' is a more appropriate description.

23rd Jan 2014

Altered the display of the properties bar: it was getting far too wide, and would not fit on some of the flower pages - so I have had to split it up into two lines in certain instances: If the flower has one (or more) category icons (deciduous, evergreen, broadleaf, climber, etc etc) then the property line is split, not after the category icon(s), but after the status (native, casual, alien, etc) icon, thus:

These five categories show whether the plant is Native or Alien, and anywhere in-between.

4th Dec 2013

Added a Wkipedia link bar to link to the Genera, the species, and the Family. Note that, in the case of hybrids and sub-species, although the link to the species exists, a corresponding page on Wiki may not exist. Many sub-species and hybrids do not (as yet).

  Genus species  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Familyaceae  

Unlike this website, which is limited to those plants that grow in the UK, this Wiki bar shows the global aspect of the Species, Genera and the Family.

I had to add the additional code necessary for implementation to !WFF (WFF102)

20th Nov 2013



Added 'Heterostylous' to the sex types (images, search terms and properties). Also the main two forms of heterostylous - 'pin' form and 'thrum' form of flowers. See the entry for Heterostyly on the Primrose flower page.

15th Nov+ 2013

Edited !WFF100 : Inside the 'SubFamily' file it now puts a few extra lines:                                                          
<!-- Text on THIS Genera goes here... -->
Ready for me to write blurb on the genera as well.

28th Oct - 10th Nov+ 2013

Edited !WFF87 - WFF91: you can now search for category?Deciduous, category?Coniferous, category?Evergreen?, category?Semievergreen?, category?Broadleaf, category?Trees, category?Climbers, etc and with a check-box search for them too. If you just want to search for flowers, then leave the check-box labelled 'Flowers / Unspecified' ticked, since there is no category of 'flowers' - it is the default.

Still to do : the icons for some of those categories...

26th Oct 2013

Edited !WFF85 and added a 'Category' (ferns, grasses, lichens, liverworts, mosses/clubworts, moths, butterflies, mushrooms/fungi) so that, if one of those is extant, then it puts a link to the corresponding menu onto the FlowerPage, eg:
 Mushrooms List 
I might need to add a similar List to !WFF for Berry-Months and for Pappus-Months?? Or maybe not??

20th Oct 2013

Added a 'Berries' months bar (similar to that of the 'flowering months' bar)

It is accompanied by a search keyword: 'berries?possible'. Although you can (manually) also search for berries by month (using 'berries?aug') it will not be very useful, especially since the Author has had to guess which months the berries will be present! - so there is no check-box to search berry by month like there is for flowering by month (which varies in any case!).

Berries: berriesZpossible
pappus8may pappus8Jun pappus8June pappus8Jul pappus8July
TO DO: another one for 'cones?possible', ?? etc... [copy either the berries or the pappus example] - but the search term 'category?Coniferous' should list most of those shrubs/trees bearing cones anyway...

18th Oct 2013

Added a 'Pappus' (Dandelion seed-clock) months bar (similar to that of the 'flowering months' bar)...

It is accompanied by a search keyword: 'pappus?possible'. Although you can (manually) also search for pappus by month (using 'pappus?aug') it will not be very useful, especially since the Author has had to guess which months the pappus will be present! - so there is no check-box search for pappus by month like there is for flowering by month (which varies in any case!).

Pappus: pappusZpossible
pappus8may pappus8Jun pappus8June pappus8Jul pappus8July

16th June 2013

Added a 'Top 26 Frequently Unknown Flowers' to the  Submit Unknown Photo page.

19th May 2013


Changed the names of 2 Menus from Dioecious.htm and Monoecious.htm to 'Sex.htm' and put all those menus on the same 'Sex.htm' menu file.

Un-sure how much use it will be, but now have lists of Dioecious and Monoecious plants. At least I can then easily check whether or not I have photographs of both the separate male and the female flowers for both of these categories.

NOTE: there are now TWO sets of Male and Female icons, the smaller ones are for putting on the photo images themselves, as here.   

The larger ones are in the 'Menu2/Miscellaneous/SexImages' directory and are property icons for the Flower Page Headings:







18th May 2013






Changed the 'Rare' category to 'Rarity' and added R, RR, RRR and E sub-headings. Have now made 'Rarity' one of the Properties as well as a searchable item in the searches.

I think I may need to add 3 other categories to Rarity: C, CC and CCC for fairly common, common, and ubiquitous, so that searches can be made for really common flowers to spare the casual flower observer of having to wade through many possibilities that they may never come across. (Although the definition of which flowers qualify as C, CC and CCC may well vary as the flowers wax and wane with passing decades). It is also not without problems: what is common in the South of the UK, may be rare in Scotland, and vice versa.

18th - 20th April 2013

The background, foreground, text and link colours used in the Flower pages, Family Info pages and Contributors page (only) have been re-vamped. Hopefully better now?

14th April 2013

Finished off all the  Hybrid Charts - those with 3 or more hybrids. A chart is hardly worth making for those genera with 2 or less hybrids.

This does not include difficult charts where the hybrids are mostly from parents that are not native to the UK (absent parents), or those where there are numerous triple hybrids or the hybrids are very complicated, such as in Mimulus, or where they will not fit into a 2D chart.

Thus Mimulus, Crocus, Lonicera, Mahonia, Festuca and Salvia are those genera that cannot be shoe-horned into a UK (where all the parents actually live in the UK) or into a 2D chart. But all the rest have been. Hybrid Charts finished!

7th April 2013

Produced a new menu:
 [W] Genus species [W]

This menu is for botanists, and lists the species of flowers on this WildFlowerFinder website by scientific name (they are also listed in the Subject Index).

It is surrounded each end by two external Wikipedia link icons, [W].
The first [W] is a Wikipedia link to the named Genus, whereas the second [W] is a Wikipedia link to the species itself.

5th April 2013

Written a new program: !WikiGenus, which automatically produces the
 [W] Genus species [W] menu detailed immediately above.                                       

25th Mar 2013

Stuck a StatCounter page-view counter on both Search pages, which is therefore now on 3 pages, including the SubInd page. This should count more pages, particularly those using the 'mobile' search version. I can then compare the readings of StatCounter against those of the single SiteMeter page counter on SubInd. BTW - sometime last week SiteCounter reached 100,000 total [but that counts only SubInd page loads] (can't remember what year it was started, must have been at least 5 yrs ago). SubInd page view seems to be doubling every year (it has done so for at least 3 yrs now). It might saturate the ISP again in summer...

15th Mar 2013

Decided to download a new list of Genera from the BSBI website to see if it has changed since I last did it, several (3?) years ago. It has! The BSBI have added some new genera (but deleted more, presumably obsolete, genera). So I ran my !BSBI_Genus program (wot I wrote) again to produce a new Menu list of the BSBI genera. All up to date now, at least for a while until taxonomists rock the boat again with their latest AGP version.

This may mean that some of the Genera I have listed under each Family (in Menu2.Family.FamilyInfo.Info/htm) no longer exist. That is now fixed too.

15th Mar 2013

Wrote a new BASIC program, !ChemCat to help catalogue the chemical PNG files within a Flower directory. It produces a HTML file called ~ChemCat within the directory in which it is run of all the PNG files it finds within that Flower directory. This HTML file is not used directly within the WFF website. The top half of the HTML ~ChemCat file should be copied into the SubjectIndex.htm HTML file, whilst the bottom half should be copied into the StructuralFormulae.htm HTML file. The entries it creates, such as 'AceticAcid' will need editing with spaces to read 'Acetic Acid' etc.

21st Feb 2013

Adding a Lichen Dyes page to the Flowers/Z directory [it's a good place to put it, not many flowers beginning with 'Z' (none so far) and the !Crossrefs program will work correctly on it] :-)

12th Feb 2013

Edited the Search Pages a bit: added HINTs to certain categories, such as for inner?colour, Toxicity and Physical Contact. Both a brief hover text and a longer click text has been included on the HINT icon.

11th Jan 2013

Somewhat pre-emptying the 9th Jan 2013 entry re links to Wikipedia for Families (specific to the UK) and their Genera, I have inserted 2 new menus under the MISCELLANEOUS heading:
 Family [Wikipedia] and
 Genus [Wikipedia]
which link directly to Wikipedia. This is in addition to what is decided for the 9th Jan 2013 entry. It might also make those links easier to implement?

This has also necessitated the editing of the program '!FamilyGen' such that two extra MenuFiles are created by that program, namely 'AA_Wiki_Fam.htm' and 'Genus_Wiki.htm', to be copied elsewhere in the Wild Flower Finder Website.

4th Jan 2013

Fixed a bug in the !CrossRefs program whereby it never found links from flowers with a single-barrelled name to those of a double-barrelled name (such as from 'Butterbur' to 'Giant Butterbur' (but it did find the links if they were reversed - i.e. 'Giant Butterbur' to 'Butterbur').

29th Oct 2012

Drew 3 three external link icons (for those links not going to Wikipedia), in three sizes, 20, 18 and 16 pixels square.    (to be found in /Images). The smallest 16 square should be the norm for text in pages, larger sizes are for use in headings and such.

29th Oct 2012

All chemical names with 'sulph' in them have reluctantly been changed to the yankee spelling 'sulf' in accordance with current  chemical nomenclature, leaving intact all common names, such as 'Sulphur Tuft', 'Sulphur Clover' and 'Sulphur Cinquefoil', as well as any use of the word 'sulphur' as a colour: the  IUPAC have no jurisdiction over common English usage!

16th Oct 2012

Added a new APPENDIX: entry, namely  IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species attempts to list all those species of Plants, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Fish, Insects and Molluscs that are threatened with extinction throughout the World.

4th Oct 2012

Added a new APPENDIX: entry, namely  NVC / BNVC.

BNVC (British National Vegetation Classification) is a system for classifying natural habitats in the UK according to the specific types of vegetation that they contain.

  The Author also decided to add another icon, a Wikipedia icon (both large and small - to be found in 'Images') with which to link to any relevant Wikipedia page.

3rd Oct 2012

Added a new CATEGORY (other): entry, namely  Galls and Rusts.

For Galls, Smuts, Rusts and other abnormalities on plants caused by insects, mites or fungi.

The Author also decided to add another new entry to CATEGORY, namely  Mutations in Plants. This might now make the entry MUTATIONS (in the APPENDIX) more or less redundant, but I have left that in; both entries now point to one another instead making each easier to find. [In June 2013 I had to move both 'Mutations in Plants' and 'Galls & Rusts' from 'Category' to 'Miscellaneous' otherwise half the sub-headings went missing each time I ran !MenuSort!]

17th Sept 2012






Added a 'Dangerous by Physical Contact' to the properties of flowers section.

This also entails: (the links here are intended to help the Author)

  • Drawing four new icons for 'contact?severe', etc.
  • Adding a new line called 'PhysicalContact !' in the menu/htm file under MISCELLANEOUS heading of that file.
  • Creating a new Menu2/Miscellaneous/'PhysicalContact.htm' menu2-page for 'Dangerous by Physical Contact' and entering references to potential Flower Page entries into it.
  • Creating a new INFO page, such as 'Contact_Info.htm' for it in Menu2/Miscellaneous/Miscellaneous_Info directory.
  • Adding to the Menu2/Miscellaneous/AllTheInfos.htm.
  • Adding to Pages/'FlowerPageKey.htm'.
  • Entering TWO references to that newly created 'Contact_Info.htm' page into the 'SubjectIndex.htm' page.
  • Adding the new entries to the 'GOODbits/Properties.htm' file.
  • Add the new Info menu item to the Miscellaneous/HELP.htm file.
  • Create a new HINT file if necessary, see Pages/SEARCH_HINTS/Rarity.htm for an example.
  • Entering the new property-icons into the appropriate Flower Pages.
  • Adding a new 'What Else is New Entry' here!
  • Adding 'Contact?red' etc to the two Search Pages ensuring the correct 'target=index' or 'target=_blank' for each of the 2 search pages.
  • Adding extra code to !WFF program to implement contact?severe, etc for new flower pages.
In more or less that order.

1st July 2012

Instigated another way of searching the website. This makes it easy to do highly specific compound searches without having to manually type unwieldy search strings such as toxicity?high month?may flower?blue stem?angular.

There are a mixture of radio buttons, checkboxes and drop-down menus. Check (tick) those which apply to your search. Don't forget that all the selected boxes are logically ANDed; therefore the more boxes you check, the fewer the results. If in doubt - check 'unknown' or leave blank, otherwise you could end up with either the wrong results or no result. When you have finished, click the final 'SEARCH using CHECKBOXES' button.

The JavaScript/jQuery code which powers this search method was kindly written and honed to perfection for the Author, with a great many thanks, by Mr. Peter Shaw, the proprietor of  Digital Solutions of Consett, County Durham.

15th June 2012

Added a new 'species' to (so far) only the file FamilyInfo/Info_Orchidaceae. And that 'species' is 'Non-Native' - i.e. its not a species, and there's no point in adding a new species to the species lists if it isn't present in the UK, so - to cater for non-native orchids - I have created this false 'species'. The Calypso Orchid should really go in the 'Non-Native' category too, but I had already created a species for it ('Calypso'). [It is probably not worth adding a 'non-species' category to every Info_Familaceae file, since they probably will never be used, but if you wanted to add another, this is the example to follow].

Suddenly realised I needed a new Category 'Insects on Plants' in the menu.htm, etc for various insects that are already on it that aren't Moths or Butterflies. All I have to do now is find the insects that are already on the Flower pages...

19th May 2012

Added a new stem shape, 'Lens' which is lenticular in shape, because neither Oval nor Round shapes seemed appropriate for Summer Snowflake. Yellow Flag and Montbretia have now joined it. There may be other flowers I have over-looked?

Also added two new colours to the Search Function: Bicolour and Multicolour.

1st April 2012

A new program has been written to quick-sort (into alphabetical order) the new  GENERA → FamilyInfo list. It is run automatically by the !Genus_Fam program when that has finished creating this new list.

1st April 2012

A new icon has been added to the CONTENTS super-selector shown above, namely the small dark-purple   button. This enables easy access to the GENERA → (FamilyInfo) Contents Menu. Try it and see.

The  GENERA → (FamilyInfo) is a list of all the Genera that this website knows (which is more that that which the BSBI site lists because of the inclusion of fungi and other things in this website). This is a quick reference to which genus belongs in which family (under AGPII). When a genera is selected, the corresponding Family Info page is displayed. This menu is also accessible from the 'Genus → Family' in the first column under the MISCELLANEOUS heading.

31st March 2012

A new page: Mutations which shows examples of any plant mutations that the Author can find. Readers are also invited to submit their own photos of mutations and abnormalities.

20th March 2012

Firstly, this page 'What Else is New' is itself new, but informing the reader about this here could lead to infinite recursion...

Mid March 2012

A new icon has been added to the CONTENTS super-selector shown above, namely the small dark-blue   button. This enables easy access to the Hybrid Charts Contents Menu. Try it and see.

March 2012, and on-going...

Two extra pages have been added, accessible from the  Hybrid Charts chapter menu, and elsewhere:

'Triple Hybrids' and 'Inter-Genera Hybrids' are lists of triple hybrids and of inter-genera hybrids with hyperlinks to the BSBI distribution maps. The Author knows of no other such lists on the internet.

Early March 2012, and on-going...

Using the new program 'HybridCharts' to create dozens of 2D Hybrid Charts with a remaining list of those in the species which do not hybridize. The Hybrid charts are to be found in the Family-Info pages, which are accessible from numerous places.

Late February 2012

Your Author spent 2 weeks writing a new program, icon shown above, to convert a linear list of species and hybrids into a 2D Hybrid Chart.

Jan 2012, and on-going

The addition of summary pages of structural formulae accessible mainly from the Contents Menu called:
 Structural Formulae
    (by Chemical Name)
and then following the purple-boxed links such as this (in-active) one:

2011 - 2005

Pre-history. No records exist of progress.                                                                                



Medical Symptoms

Leaf Shapes
This may be almost impossible to do, which is why it has been abandoned for over 5 years...


It is now obvious to the Author that the STATUS category 'Casual' as used by your Author, is an odd one out since he does not categorise plants into any of the other 5 groups in the cream-coloured boxes (Naturalised, Survivor, Denizen, Colonist or Cultivated) [see 'Wild Plant (Native/Alien chart' on the Status Info page]. All those plants listed as 'Casual' should be re-labelled 'Neophyte' on this website. But whether your Author has the time to do this or to make all the (extensive) alterations necessary, is another matter].

The many ways evolution can proceed.

In properties: Stem Characteristics - add a 'succulent stem' to the properties (Buttonweed, etc)

In 'Properties' perhaps add 'rayed florets', 'disc florets' and 'disc and rayed florets'. Need to draw icons for them.

In 'Properties' perhaps add a 'common' / 'abundant' category to compliment the rarity properties (R, RR, RRR). Need icons drawing. C, CC and CCC for fairly common, common, and ubiquitous, so that searches can be made for really common flowers to spare the casual flower observer of having to wade through hundreds of unlikely flowers that they may never come across. (Although the definition of which flowers qualify as C, CC and CCC may well vary as the flowers wax and wane with passing decades - and also what is common in the south may be absent in the north [and vice versa]).

In 'Properties' perhaps add a pendulous flower 'Pendent' category. In it should be Pendulous Sedge, Wisteria, Laburnums, Himalayan Honeysuckle, Flowering Currant, Snowberry, False Acacia and Hedge Fuchsia, Willows??, - which have pendulous flower-spikes PLUS singly-drooping flowers such as - Snowdrops and their like, Water Avens, Snakes-head Fritillary, Peruvian Lily, Martagon Lily and some other Lilies, Styrax Tree, Hellebores, Angels Trumpet & Japanese Lantern and some other Solanaceae's, Bleeding Heart, Bluebell, some Daffodils?, etc which have pendulous single flowers.

In 'Properties' add a CATEGORY icon(s) 'under-shrub' / 'shrub' / 'tree' / 'plant' / 'climbers' / crops, ferns, grasses, lichens, liverworts, mosses, moths, fungi/mushrooms. (NOW DONE)

In 'Properties' perhaps add a HEIGHT icon(s) low, sprawling, medium, tall, giant. Need icons drawing.

In 'Properties: Flower Type' add a 'single flower per plant' and single flower per (main) stalk' to Flower Type.

In 'Properties' add an aquatic ('inFreshwater') / 'inSeawater' / 'inBrackishWater') property [perhaps as part of a habitat property, but that gets complicated - so many habitats! - but 'in Water' is easy... Don't forget that there are already 'Freshwater' and etc Habitats - so tie them in with those.

In 'Properties' add a 'seed' property: Pappus (parachute) [DONE] / hooked seed [not done] AND THEN berry [done] / fruit [not done] / seed pod [not done] / etc.

In 'Properties' add approx size of flower: saucer / 2pound or 50p coin / 20p coin / 5p coin / etc (think of some other common discs that may be more permanent than UK coinage which is forever changing).

In 'Properties' add 'Climber' [done] icon and also icons for different climbing methods such as Adhesive Pads, Tendrils, Twining Leaves/Stalks etc.

Don't forget to amend the 'search checkbox' searches when you've finished adding properties. And alter the !WFF program so that the extra properties can be added to new flowers.


Search for '()' in the directory 'Flowers'. If any '()' exist add the 'English Genus Name' (look in Stace for this) inside the empty round brackets. Don't forget to check that this 'English Genus Name' also occurs in the relevant 'Family' files just after the '[LATIN GENUS]' name.

Search for 'Dayth' or 'Flowers' in the 'Flowers' directory for things that should be edited out.

Search for 'example' or 'Delete' in the 'Flowers' directory for things that should be edited out.

Search for '' (in capitals) for flower-links that the program '!CrossRefs' might have missed linking to [especially if the two plants in question are, for example, a link from 'Butterbur' to 'Giant Butterbur' which it seems to miss for some reason].

Search e-mail file 'CrossRefs' for 'missing' to fix un-paired 's.

Search e-mail file 'CrossRefs' for <q> and fix any inconsistencies in the search term between the q's.

Search e-mail file 'CrossRefs' for 'URL:' to see all the new links found.

Search 'SubjectIndex.htm' for '()'. Then insert the appropriate number within the empty brackets according to the number of occurrences (in the 'SubjectIndex.htm') of that entry.

To check for un-paired <q>'s etc, scan the 'Flower' directory with !Validator, then search the results for '<Q>'. Clicking on the result will take us to the correct page.

Search '!WildFlowers' directory for *jpgp* . Mis-named jpeg extensions are ignored by Risc OS, but any other browser will fail to show the jpeg :-(

Search '!WildFlowers' directory for JPEG files which lack the '/jpg' extension.
You can do this in !Locate with the following settings:
Object Name: 'is not equal to' and give it the value '*/jpg'
Type: Files: Of Type 'JPEG'

To Search for JPEG files anywhere on the hard-disc which do not have '/jpg' as the very last 4 symbols
You can do this in !Locate with the following settings:
Object Name: 'is not equal to' and give it the value '*/jpg'
Type: Files: Of Type 'JPEG'
Don't forget to un-tick '[ ] Applications' and '[ ] Directories' or it'll list those as well!

To Search for partially unknown flowers anywhere on the hard-disc (for instance in the '_Flowers' directories) - (useful if I want to see all the ones I know half the name of, but not the exact name - e.g. 'Hawkweed()' )
You can do this in !Locate with the following settings:
Object Name: 'is equal to' and give it the value '()'
Type: Files: Of Type 'JPEG'
Don't forget to un-tick '[ ] Applications' and '[ ] Directories' or it'll list those as well!
This lists all the partially unknown flowers so you can attempt re-identification.

For helping with spell-checking - use the list of every word I have used - which is there to be found in the Free Find Search site:
to produce this list - do this:
Search for something (anything) using Free Find Search
In the Free Find Search results page, click on 'index' (to be found on the 2nd line down)
Up pops a list of all the words I have used in WFF
Scan (using eyes/brain) this list, looking for anomalies
Use the program !TextSeek to find those occurrences in WFF
This will take ages! I'm up to starting on 'E'...
Insert any mis-spellings likely to crop up again into the file 'MissSpellingsList/txt'.

To find jpeg photos which have other than 'jpg' at the end (such as might occur when naming flowers to speedily when using !Insert - when you might end up with such names as '/jpgCommon)_' rather than '/jpg':
Search using !Locate with 'object name' set to 'is not equal to' and the name to '*jpg', and the 'Files of Filetype' set to 'JPEG' (under the 'Type' button).

Search using !TextSeek for 's (apostrophe 's') (but this method could miss those with a '-' in them, best to go through all the flower directories by hand and guess which will have a apostrophe or hyphen in the real names or anything else which could cause problems when searching the website using 'Free Search'). Now add any extra search terms for the at the tops of those flower names containing an apostrophe-s. Such as 'Cotoneaster (Helmqvist's)'. Add more terms to the search list because anything enclosed by brackets such as 'Helmqvist's' is not recognised as a word, and is only recognised as '(Helmqvist's)' - that is - including the brackets. So extend the <title> words like so: <BR> <title>Cotoneaster (Hjelmqvist's) / Hjelmqvist's Cotoneaster / Hjelmqvists Cotoneaster / helmquist - Wild Flower Finder
Another example:
CottonGrass (Hare's-Tail) / Hare's-Tail CottonGrass / Hare's Tail CottonGrass / Cotton Grass / Hares Tail / Harestail Another example:
Dame's-Violet / Dame's-Violet / Dame's Violet / Dames Violet / Sweet Rocket - Wild Flower Finder
To cater for all the ways of spelling and mis-spelling the flower name in a user-search using Free Search.
[I am up to adding terms to flower names beginning with 'D']


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