BROOKLIME

Veronica beccabunga

Plantain Family [Plantaginaceae]  
Formerly in: Figwort & Foxglove Family [Scrophulariaceae]

month8may month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8aug month8sep month8sept

status
statusZnative
flower
flower8bicolour
flower
flower8blue
inner
inner8white
morph
morph=HemiZygo
petals
petalsZ4
stem
stem8round
sex
sexZbisexual

21st Sept 2008, the pond, Blackleach Reservoir, Walkden, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Your Author thinks it unusual to see a thick mat of Brooklime completely out of water, but admits that this small pond may well have been much fuller earlier in the year. Or maybe it is dangling its roots into the water 18inches or so beneath the wooden deck?


27th May 2005, Chinley, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
The leaves are fairly variable, sometimes elongated oval and bluntly toothed. Sometimes darker green and roundish oval.


27th May 2005, Chinley, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
The stems are fairly dark.


1st March 2008, Lathkilldale, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
More usually looking as if floating on shallow slowly moving fresh water. The leaves here are rounder and darker, with radiating veins.


9th June 2009, the pond, Blackleach Reservoir, Walkden, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Brooklime in search of water. The stems here are fawny-brown. The stems, which are up to 60cm long, can be either procumbent (as here) or upright.


9th June 2009, Blackleach Nature Reserve, Walkden, Manchester. Photo: © RWD
The light brown stems are reddish tinged on the sunward side. Two roundish fruits visible on extreme left. The leaves are oval, shiny, stalked and slightly but bluntly toothed. Actually, the leaves can be rather variable in shape, from ovate-elliptical to elliptical or broad-elliptical, with an apex which is either obtuse or rounded.


9th June 2009, the pond, Blackleach Reservoir, Walkden, M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The leaves are in opposite pairs at intervals along the stems. There are even two pairs of tiny leaflets forming between the middle two leaves.


1st March 2008, Lathkilldale, Derbyshire. Photo: © RWD
More usually the leaves are floating on top of still waters (but they don't run deep here). The leaves here are rounder and darker, with radiating veins.


19th May 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The stems get abruptly thinner at the topmost junction where two opposing flowering stems emerge at about 50° outwards. There may(?) be a second bifurcation higher up where two more flowering spikes might be developing.


19th May 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The flowers are in spikes, on opposing stems set at upwards angle of about 45°. Leaves in opposite pairs.


19th May 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
The left short spike of flowers and buds surrounded by 4 triangular sepals which curve over. There is also one longer but narrow bract just beneath the sepals of every flower/bud.


19th May 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
A single flower spike has flowers set in approximate pairs, bunched up together near the tip. The four sepals behind open flowers are pointed at the end and splayed out to display the flower almost flat. Some flower pedicels (stalks) have a single bract curling outwards where the pedicel emerges.


19th May 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
A flower with several as-yet unopened buds.


9th June 2009, Blackleach Nature Reserve, Walkden, Manchester. Photo: © RWD
The bright and deep-blue flowers are typically Speedwell shaped: A larger top petal, two side lobes and a narrower lower petal, all tending towards white in the centre of the flower. Two stamens with indigo pollen atop. There is a smallish white area in the centre.


19th May 2011, Blackleach Country Park, Gtr M/cr. Photo: © RWD
Flowers are bilaterally symmetric; a large roundish upper petal, two slightly oval side petals, and a narrower lower petal, all streaked with indigo veins. The four pointed sepals appear behind and between the petals.


9th July 2008, Haweswater, Gait Barrows, Silverdale, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
On the right centre are several developing seed pods, which are a duller green than the leaves. One still has an style curving out.


9th July 2008, Haweswater, Gait Barrows, Silverdale, Lancs. Photo: © RWD
Lower left are three seed capsules, the nearest directed straight upwards showing it bulging with 2 seeds, one each side of the spent style right at the tip. The seed top right shows us that it is slightly heart shaped, al least at the top. The capsule enclosing the seeds is between 2 and 4mm, and as long as it is wide.


Uniquely identifiable characteristics

Distinguishing Feature :

No relation to : Brookweed Potentilla rivalis [a plant with similar name] that belongs to the Primrose Family with 5 petals, whereas Brooklime belongs to the Speedwell Genus of the Plantain Family, nor to Brook Cinquefoil (Samolus valerandi) a member of the Rose family.

It is native and likes to grow in freshwater such as shallow brooks or small streams, ditches, marshes, beside ponds or by on riverbanks. The flowers are a bright but deep blue.


  Veronica beccabunga  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Plantaginaceae  

Distribution
family8plantain family8Plantaginaceae
 BSBI maps
genus8Veronica
Veronica
(Speedwells)

BROOKLIME

Veronica beccabunga

Plantain Family [Plantaginaceae]  
Formerly in: Figwort & Foxglove Family [Scrophulariaceae]

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