PERENNIAL HONESTY

Lunaria rediviva

Cabbage Family [Brassicaceae]

month8may month8jun month8june

status
statusZalien
flower
flower8bicolour
flower
flower8white
flower
flower8lilac flower8pink
inner
inner8green
morph
morph8actino
petals
petalsZ4
stem
stem8round
sex
sexZbisexual
 

18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
A perennial garden plant which hardly ever escapes by itself into the wild. It is usually planted.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
Unlike Annual Honesty it has cordate (Ace-of-Spades shaped) leaves which are on stalks.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
The flowers are much the same as those of Annual Honesty, but the fruits are remarkably different. These two leaves near the top are more spear-shaped than cordate, narrower, and with longer cusped teeth.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
Four floppy white to pink/lilac petals and a seed pod growing out of the centre.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
These seed pods are nowhere near fully grown. Short stubbly hairs on the stems, angled downwards.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
The leaves have winged stems. Teeth on leaves are cusped.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
A very immature seed pod still has a long way to grow.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
Seed pod starting to take shape, but still very small and under-developed. It is on a long stalk coming from the ovary of the flower (a petal is still attached to it). The seed pods later widen and lengthen to form a large flattened oval shape similar to a Privet leaf in shape if not colour.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
Leaves with curved venation.


18th May 2010, Cromford & High Peak Rly, Parsley Hey. Photo: © RWD
The cusped teeth and the winged stem of the leaf.


Some similarities to : Honesty (Lunaria annua) but that has pinker flowers, leaves without stalks (on the upper part only) and the seed pods are more like ping-pong bats.

Slight resemblance to (the flowers of) : Cuckooflower (Cardamine pratensis).

Superficial resemblance to : Dame's-Violet (Hesperis matronalis) which have either pink, or white flowers on separate plants, but the pods of Dame's-Violet are slightly different, being thin and cylindrical rather than flattened oval/elliptical, and the leaves are both stalkless and lanceolate.

It is a perennial plant growing to 1m or more grown in gardens. It very rarely escapes into the wild as a casual, if at all, and is usually planted. The BSBI map does show a square where your Author found this, and one or two other squares in the UK. It grows in damp woods and on lime soils.


USE BY BUTTERFLIES
LAYS EGGS ON CATERPILLAR CHRYSALIS BUTTERFLY
Orange-tip



  Lunaria rediviva  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Brassicaceae  

Distribution
 family8Cabbage family8Brassicaceae
 BSBI maps
genus8Lunaria
Lunaria
(Honesty)

PERENNIAL HONESTY

Lunaria rediviva

Cabbage Family [Brassicaceae]