NAVELWORT

WALL PENNYWORT, PENNYWORT, KIDNEYWORT, WALL PENNYROYAL

Umbilicus rupestris

Stonecrop Family [Crassulaceae]  

month8May month8jun month8june month8jul month8july month8Aug

status
statusZnative
 
flower
flower8cream
 
morph
morph8actino
 
petals
petalsZ1
   (5)
type
typeZspiked
 
type
typeZbell
 
type
typeZtubular
 
stem
stem8round
 

16th April 2008, Maiden Castle, Cheshire. Photo: © RWD
The (dimpled) leaves appear first.


23rd May 2008, Shell Island, North Wales. Photo: © RWD
Then green flowers


13th May 2008, Near Conwy Mountain, North Wales Path. Photo: © RWD
Some specimens have smaller and smaller leaves all the way up the stems. Moreover, the leaves shape-shift dramatically from arrowheads to notched-circular as they grow larger.


22nd May 2016, unknown place Photo: © Ann Collier
The flowers still have not opened. They are at first clasped within 5 green sepals


22nd May 2016, unknown place Photo: © Ann Collier
Each flower bud has a leaf-like bract beneath it, at least initially.


22nd May 2016, unknown place Photo: © Ann Collier


23rd May 2008, Shell Island, North Wales. Photo: © RWD
Navelwort likes to grow in nooks and crannies from vertical walls or from vertical rock faces.


3rd June 2011, a dry-stone wall, Llanfairfechan, North Wales Coast Path. Photo: © RWD
Flowers not yet fully open (where the short triangular petals at the end should splay outwards).


23rd May 2008, Shell Island, North Wales. Photo: © RWD
Whilst other specimens are highly branched near the base.


23rd May 2008, Shell Island, North Wales. Photo: © RWD
The five short triangular petals are now splayed out and the lower flowers are as 'fully open' as they ever will be.


22nd Aug 2007, Llanfairfechan, North Wales Photo: © RWD
Showing the alternately staggered arrangement of the pairs of flowers, which are withering away in Autumn.


13th May 2008, Near Conwy Mountain, North Wales Path. Photo: © RWD
Withered. In fruit. All stem leaves dropped off. New already-round ones growing around the base of last-years flowering stalk.


17th May 2015, a vertical sandstone cliff, River Dee, Chester. Photo: © RWD
The dimpled leaves, like umbrellas turned inside-outwards, come in all sizes. the smaller ones are younger.


17th May 2015, a vertical sandstone cliff, River Dee, Chester. Photo: © RWD
The smaller leaves are younger. They have many shallow rounded-lobes on the periphery.


The leaves exhibit some similarities to : Marsh Pennywort but that has different flowers and grows in water or very damp places.

Distinguishing Feature : Grows in walls or cliff faces and has roundish shiny leaves at the base and a long thin spike of flowers up the wall. The leaves have a dimple in the middle reminiscent of a navel, which is how it acquired its name.

No relation to : Marsh Pennywort [a plant with similar name (and similar leaves)]


  Umbilicus rupestris  ⇐ Global Aspect ⇒ Crassulaceae  

Distribution
family8Stonecrop family8Crassulacaea
 BSBI maps
genus8Umbilicus
Umbilicus
(Navelwort)

NAVELWORT

WALL PENNYWORT, PENNYWORT, KIDNEYWORT, WALL PENNYROYAL

Umbilicus rupestris

Stonecrop Family [Crassulaceae]  

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