Easily mistaken for : many other
Docks at a casual glance, but this is the only one with leaf auricles nearly encircling the stem.
Some similarities to : Sheep's Sorrel but that has leaves on thin stalks rather than attached directly to the stem and with a stem-encircling auricle. Unlike Sheep's Sorrell which has solid stems, Common Sorrel has hollow stems.
Uniquely identifiable characteristics :
Distinguishing Features : Only two Rumex species of Dock are dioecious, having male and female flowers on separate plants, being Common Sorrel and Sheep's Sorrel. Only one Rumex species has leaves without stems, Common Sorrel. (Sheep's Sorrel has leaves on long thin stems).
No relation to : Wood-Sorrel (Oxalis acetosella), Pink-Sorrel (Oxalis articulata), Pale Pink-Sorrel (Oxalis latifolia), Spreading Yellow-Sorrel (Oxalis corniculata),
Least Yellow-Sorrel (Oxalis exilis),
Upright Yellow-Sorrel (Oxalis stricta), Pale Pink-Sorrel (Oxalis latifolia),
Purple Pink-Sorrel (Oxalis debilis) nor to Lilac Sorrel (Oxalis incarnata), [plants with similar names belonging to a differing Genus, Oxalis, which belongs to a differing family, Oxalidaceae, although both genera possess salts of Oxalic Acid such as Calcium Oxalate].
Although many docks hybridize with each other, Common Sorrel is not one of them.
Several rare sub-species exist, all under the same common name, Common Sorrel:
None of the photos above show any of these rare sub-species.
Both red and yellow dyes can be extracted from the plant.
- Common Sorrel (Rumex acetosa subsp. ambiguus) found only in a few locations south of Blackpool
- Common Sorrel (Rumex acetosa subsp. biformis) found only near the coast in few locations south of Aberystwyth.
- Common Sorrel (Rumex acetosa subsp. hibernicus) was found in very few locations on the west coast of Eire but now only near Waterford.
Like other Docks and Sorrels
Common Sorrel has an acid taste due to the presence of poisonous Oxalic Acid, specifically the calcium salt, Calcium Oxalate, which forms extremely tiny needle-shaped and extremely sharp crystals called
raphides, which, when consumed, cause mechanical damage to cells puncturing the membranes and allowing things out and foreign substances in. That said, like other Sorrels, the leaves are still used in salads (not many leaves are used in salads). It is only fatal when great quantities are consumed as would happen if it were eaten as a vegetable instead.
USE BY BUTTERFLIES
|LAYS EGGS ON